Franz Joseph Haydn

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Franz Joseph Haydn Lesson Plan for the “Surprise” Symphony – Movement 2 – Andante (These lessons may be spread out over a series of lessons) Lesson 1 (10-15 minutes) Standards Addressed: • Standard 1: Creating, Performing and Participating in the Arts • Standard 3: Responding to and analyzing works of music Performance Indicators: Students will • Figure out the rhythm to phrases 1 and 2 from the Andante Movement of the Surprise Symphony. • Sing the melody to phrases 1 and 2 from the Andante Movement of the Surprise Symphony. Objective: • To help students listen for basic elements of music and understand how those elements determine the form of the piece Listening Repertoire/Materials: • Surprise Symphony – Mvt. 2-Andante Phrases 1 & 2 song/melody • Haydn Picture, Background on Haydn Procedures: 1) T. sings melody/words of phrases 1 and 2 of Surprise Symphony and students count no. of phrases (2). T. sings again-checking answer. 2) T. sings melody of phrase 1. S. count heart beats to first phrase (8). T. draws 8 beat marks on the board. 3) T. sings melody/words of phrase 2. S. count heart beats to second phrase (8). T. draws 8 beat marks on the board 4) T. sings phrase 1 again. S. find beats that have 1 sound. –draw 1 line on corresponding beat marks. Repeat for phrase 2. 5) T. sings phrase 1. S. id beats that have 2 sounds. Draw 2 lines on beat marks having 2 sounds. Repeat process for phrase 2. 6) Transfer the 2 sounds into 8th note notation and students speak the rhythms to the song using rhythm syllables. 7) Students sing phrases 1 and 2. Show picture of Haydn – give brief background. Lesson 2 (10-15 minutes) Standards Addressed: • Standard 1: Creating, Performing and Participating in the Arts • Standard 3: Responding to and analyzing works of music Performance Indicators: Students will: • Write rhythmic notation to phrases 3 and 4 of the Andante Movement of the Surprise Symphony. • Learn about sections of a symphony called movements.

Listening Repertoire/Materials: • Surprise Symphony, Mvt. 2, Andante • Haydn Picture • Rhythm patterns to phrase 1 and 2 Objective: • To help students listen for basic elements of music and understand how those elements determine the form of the piece Procedures 1) Play first 2 phrases of Surprise Symphony – ask who wrote the melody? Joseph Haydn 2) Match rhythm patterns to phrases 1 & 2. Students rev. song singing on rhythm syllables. 3) T. says “There is a 2nd part to this song.” Count the phrases to this part. T. sings phrases 3 & 4. S. response-2 4) Count the beats to each phrase. (8 in both) 5) Repeat process as above finding 1 sound to the beat, 2 sounds on the beat. This time there are beats that have more than 2 sounds. Count how many sounds (4) draw 4 lines on the beat transfer to 16th notes. 6) Perform phrases 3 and 4 with rhythm syllables. 7) Sing phrases 3 and 4 (this may be high) - you may want to just stay with rhythm syllables or text rhythms. 8) Perform whole song.- In actual piece phrases 1 & 2 and phrase 3 & 4 are repeated 9) Explain “Symphony” is a piece written for orchestra. Each symphony may have several parts (3-5). Each part is called a movement. ( I compare it to chapters of a book) This is the 2nd movement and it is called Andante. Lesson 3 (15-20 minutes) Standard Addressed: • Standard 3: Responding to and Analyzing Works of Art. Performance Indicators: Students will: • Arrange the rhythmic phrases of the theme to the Andante Movement of the Surprise Symphony in the correct order. Objective: • To help students listen for basic elements of music and understand how those elements help determine the form of the piece. Materials: • Surprise Symphony, Mvt. 2, Andante • Pencils • Rhythm patterns to Surprise Symphony. (Handout #1) Procedures 1) Play recording of Surprise Symphony- Students id- find “surprise” in music. Explain Haydn wanted to wake the audience up and put this little musical joke into the work.

2) Students can work individually or in small groups putting the rhythms of the phrases in the correct order. (Similar process as in Lesson 2-except using small groups.) Lesson 4 (20-25 minutes) Standards Addressed: • Standard 3: Responding to and Analyzing Works of Art. Performance Indicators: Students will: • Identify ways in which the composer varies the theme in the 2nd Movement of the Surprise Symphony Objective: • To help students listen for basic elements of music and understand how those elements determine the form of a piece. Materials: • Surprise Symphony, Mvt. 2, Andante • Pencils • Handout #2 Procedures 1) Have students think of ways to say the word “hello”- (high, low, loud, soft, fast, Slow, spooky, sad, etc.) 2) Have students demonstrate various ways to walk in a circle (tip toe, crawl, march, slow, fast) 3) Both of these activities we did variations – we took an idea (word or movement) and performed it in various ways. We can do a similar thing with music. 4) Use a well known song- (Twinkle, Mary, Hot Cross Buns)- show how by changing the tempo, dynamics, tonality, ornamentation you can create variations 5) Another way to create variations is to have different instruments play the melody. Joseph Haydn used this technique with the Andante from the Surprise Symphony. Give students the handout to Andante from Surprise Symphony. In small groupsstudents decide which instrument family/dynamic level is heard in each theme. Teacher signals start of each variation. Extension • Students take the rhythm to phrases 1 & 2 or 3 & 4 and compose their own variations

Franz Joseph Haydn

Portrait by Thomas Hardy

Born: Died: Education: Marriage: Occupation: Compositions: Noted as: The music you will hear at the concert

March 31, 1732 in Rohrau, Austria May 31, 1809 in Vienna, Austria Studied at St. Stephens Cathedral in Vienna In 1760 to Maria Anna Aloysia Apollonia Keller Kapellmeister, Court musician for the Esterhazy family and others. The Creation, Surprise Symphony, String quartets, Trumpet Concerto “Papa” Haydn, developed the sonata form Symphony No. 94, called the Surprise Symphony

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Franz Joseph Haydn

Franz Joseph Haydn Lesson Plan for the “Surprise” Symphony – Movement 2 – Andante (These lessons may be spread out over a series of lessons) Lesson 1 ...

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