Semantics - E-Ching Ng

Loading...

Semantics

Handout 14.5 · Ling 110b section · E-Ching Ng · 24 Mar 2011

(1)

Structural and/or semantic ambiguity? a. Squad Helps Dog Bite Victim - structural b. Milk Drinkers Are Turning to Powder - semantic c. Dr. Ruth to Talk about Sex with Newspaper Editors - structural d. Stolen Painting Found by Tree - semantic e. Reagan Wins on Budget, but More Lies Ahead - structural & semantic f. Kids Make Nutritious Snacks - semantic g. Panda Mating Fails; Veterinarian Takes Over - pragmatic

(2)

Polysemy or homophony? (Textbook §1.1) a. Grendel’s dam | The Three Gorges Dam - Homophony b. Arthur and his driving license expired last Thursday. - Polysemy c. I went after him with a baseball bat. | Bats are surprisingly cute and furry.- Homophony d. I married a gorgeous rat. | Ratatouille, the first Disney rat. - Polysemy e. You need paper to make origami. | I read it in yesterday’s paper.- Polysemy f. That’s so camp. | I went to summer camp. - Homophony g. The moon is bright tonight. | He’s very bright.- Polysemy h. Moles are small burrowing mammals. | Moles are informants in place. - Polysemy

(3)

Paraphrase, entailment or contradiction? (Textbook §1.2) a. I have a clinical fear of the number 13. | I suffer from triskaidekaphobia. - Paraphrase b. I’m a Global Affairs major at Yale. | I’m a student. - Entailment c. I have a tuxedo cat. | My cat is black with a white shirtfront and white socks. - Paraphrase d. I did one of the homework problems. | I have started doing the homework. - Entailment e. It was only yesterday that I found out. | I found out yesterday. - Paraphrase f. It’s snowing hard. | It’s springtime. - Intended to be contradiction, but evidently isn’t

(4)

Describe the intensions and extensions of each of these phrases. (Textbook §1.3) a. The time-space coordinates of our review session - Mar 28, 8–9pm, WLH 116 b. Boxing Day c. The queen of France

(5)

Predicate/First-order logic a. Hobbes is a tiger. - T(h) b. Mary Poppins gave Hobbes to Calvin. - G(m,h,c) c. Hobbes is lazy but brilliant. Lazy(h) & Brilliant(h) d. When Calvin and Hobbes fight, Calvin loses. - F(c,h) → Lose(c) e. Hobbes eats everything. - ∀x[E(h,x)] f. Hobbes wears nothing. - ∀x[¬W(h,x)] or ¬∃x[W(h,x)] g. Someone can babysit Calvin. - ∃x[Babysit(x,c)] h. There is at least one kind of food that Calvin and Hobbes both eat. ∃x[E(c,x) & E(h,x)] i. Calvin hates all girls. - ∀x[G(x) → H(c,x)]

2 (6)

Book recommendations a. General. The Language Instinct: How the mind creates language by Steven Pinker b. Phonetics. Accents and dialects for stage and screen by Paul Meier. c. Syntax. The Atoms of Language: The mind’s hidden rules of grammar by Mark C. Baker d. Recursion, culture. Don’t Sleep, There Are Snakes: Life and language in the Amazonian jungle by Daniel L. Everett

(7)

Common issues in Homework 6 9c) … a student asked whether the eclipse would occur. 10f) Do pigs fly? 11b) Who should call the director? Extra credit. (a) Where do youi want PROi to go? (b) Whoi do you want ti to go to the store?

Loading...

Semantics - E-Ching Ng

Semantics Handout 14.5 · Ling 110b section · E-Ching Ng · 24 Mar 2011 (1) Structural and/or semantic ambiguity? a. Squad Helps Dog Bite Victim - st...

44KB Sizes 3 Downloads 18 Views

Recommend Documents

Semantics
(1) A Texan tried to assassinate the President. (2) A Texan tried to murder the President. (3) A Texan tried to kill the

Makalah Semantics | Semantics | Proposition - Scribd
Makalah Semantics - Download as Word Doc (.doc / .docx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online. Makalah seman

Solutions to Semantics Problems
Jun 1, 2010 - Squad helps dog bite victim. Ambiguous - like (d) but slightly more complicated. In one reading, dog bite

English language semantics pdf
Handmade and narcissistic componentes del arco reflejo pdf Guiso should conceitos de software livre lessons resolve thei

Meaning of Semantics
call a fuzzy concept (see Fuzzy Logic of Lotfi Zadeh, a professor at U of C at Berkeley,. Computer Science Department).

Theories of Lexical Semantics
Great Clarendon Street, Oxford ox2 6dp. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers

Elements of Formal Semantics
Feb 17, 2016 - some elementary background in set theory and linguistics. However, no expertise in logic .... Chapter 2 i

Lexical Semantics: An Introduction
The polysemy of a word can be tested by a variety of means, including: * antagonism: can the word be used in a sentence

Derivation | Adverb | Semantics - Scribd
Contoh noun derivation beserta noun affixes, baik suffix (akhiran) maupun prefix (awalan) dapat dilihat pada tabel ... (

Semantics and Interpretation: Exercises
Aug 22, 2012 - For each of the following sentences, state whether it is ambiguous or not, and why. In particular, you sh