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EFFECT OF PARENTAL INFLUENCE, PERSONALITY AND PERSONAL INTEREST ON THE CHOICE OF CAREER AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

NURUL FIDTRIYAH BINTI ABDUL MALIK

MASTER OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT UNIVERSITI UTARA MALAYSIA JUNE 2016

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EFFECT OF PARENTAL INFLUENCE, PERSONALITY AND PERSONAL INTEREST ON THE CHOICE OF CAREER AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

NURUL FIDTRIYAH BINTI ABDUL MALIK

Thesis submitted to the School of Business Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree Master of Human Resource Management

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PERMISSION TO USE In presenting this project paper in partial fulfilment of the requirements for a postgraduate degree from Universiti Utara Malaysia, I agree that the University Library makes a freely available for inspection. I further agree that permission for copying of this project paper in any manner, in whole or in part, for scholarly purpose may be granted by my supervisor or, in their absence by the Dean of School of Business Management. It is understood that any copying or publication or use of this project paper or parts thereof for financial gain shall not be given to me and to Universiti Utara Malaysia for any scholarly use which may be made of any material from my project paper. Request for permission to copy or make other use of materials in this project paper, in whole or in part should be addressed to: Dean of School of Business Management Universiti Utara Malaysia 06010 UUM Sintok Kedah Darul Aman

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ABSTRACT This study was conducted to examine the effect of parental influence, personality and personal interest in the choice of career among university students. A total of 357 students from Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) participated in this study. The data collected were processed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS ver.20). Data was collected using questionnaires. Statistical techniques such as Descriptive, Pearson Correlation and Multiple Regression Analysis were used to find answers to the research questions. The results showed that the career choices have a significant and positive relationship with parental influence. For the dimensions of personality, namely extraversion and neuroticism have significant relationship with career choices. While the other personality dimensions such as agreeableness, conscientiousness and openness were not related to career choices. For personal interest factor, realistic, investigative and conventional have relationship with the career choice. Whereas, artistic, social, and enterprising have no relationship with the career choice. Limitations of the study, suggestion for the future study, theoretical and practical implications were also discussed in the study Keywords: career choice, parental influence, personality, personal interest.

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ABSTARK Kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengkaji kesan pengaruh ibu bapa, personaliti dan minat peribadi terhadap pemilihan kerjaya di kalangan pelajar universiti. Seramai 357 pelajar Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) menyertai kajian ini. Data yang dikumpul telah diproses dengan menggunakan Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) versi 20. Data dikumpul melalui pengedaran soal selidik. Teknik statistik seperti diskriptif, analisis korelasi dan analisis regresi digunakan bagi mencari jawapan untuk setiap persoalan kajian yang dibentuk. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa pilihan kerjaya mempunyai hubungan yang signifikan dan positif dengan pengaruh ibu bapa. Dapatan kajian juga menunjukkan dimensi personaliti iaitu extraversion dan neuroticism mempunyai hubungan signifikan dengan pilihan kerjaya. Walaubagaimanapun, dimensi personaliti lain seperti agreeableness, conscientiousness dan openness tidak mempunyai hubungan dengan pilihan kerjaya. Bagi faktor minat peribadi, realistic, investigative dan convensional mempunyai hubungan dengan pilihan kerjaya. Manakala, artistic, social, dan enterprising tidak mempunyai hubungan signifikan dengan pilihan kerjaya. Batasan kajian, cadangan kajian dimasa hadapan, implikasi teori dan praktikal turut dibincang dalam kajian ini.

Kata kunci: pemilihan kerjaya, pengaruh ibu bapa, personaliti, minat peribadi

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

All praise be to Allah, for His mercy in giving me the health, patience, strength and courage to complete this study and overcome every challenge in my learning pathway. I am humbled to thank many people that have helped me to complete this study, firstly, I would like to express my special appreciation, and gratification to my project paper supervisor, Dr. Tan Fee Yean who is always there to give her advice, guidance, encouragement and sharing generous amount of time and knowledge throughout the process of completing this study.

I deeply appreciate my parents, Mr. Abdul Malik Ahmad and Mdm. Khadijah Md. Desa, my siblings and my family for their endless love, support and belief in me.

My sincere appreciation to students of Universiti Utara Malaysia who are willing to participate in the study and answering questionnaires.

A great appreciation to my friends; Izzati Firdiana Kamarol Bahrin, Noraini Mohamad, Nur Asilah Mohd Taib, Zati Iwani Zulkarnain, Nor Ajmah Mohd Yassin and Nur Farah Hanis Zainon who give support, meticulous ideas and friendship for me to complete my study in Master of Human Resource Management. Special thanks to my best friends, Mazidah Ali, who always encourage me in studies.

Finally, may Allah bless and reward all of you who had made this work a success and may it be accepted as our Act of Obedience to Him.

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TABLE OF CONTENT

CERTIFICATION

OF

THESIS

WORK…………………………………………..ii PERMISSION TO USE…………………………………………………………… iii ABSTRACT………………………………………………………………………... iv ABSTRAK…………………………………………………………………………...v ACKNOWLEDGEMENT…………………………………………………………vi TABLE

OF

CONTENT……………………………………………………………vii LIST OF TABLE…………………………………………………………………...ix LIST OF FIGURE………………………………………………………………….x LIST OF ABBREVIATION……………………………………………………….xi

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Of The Study…………………………………………………….1 1.2 Problem Statement……………………………………………………………3 1.3 Research Question…………………………………………………………….8 1.4 Research Objectives…………………………………………………………..8 1.5 Significant Of The Study……………………………………………………..9 1.6 Scope Of Study………………………………………………………………10 1.7 Definition Of Key Term ………………………………………………….....10 1.8 Organization Of The Thesis…………………………………………………13 CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Introduction………………………………………………………………….15 2.2 Definition and Conceptual Of Variables……………………………………..15 2.2.1 Career choice………………………………………………………………...15 2.2.2 Parents influence…………………………………………………………….17 2.2.3 Personality…………………………………………………………………...19 2.2.4 Personal interest……………………………………………………………..20 2.3 Gaps in the Literature……………………………………………………......23 2.4 Research Framework………………………………………………………...26 2.5 Underpinning Theory………………………………………………………..27 7

2.5.1 Traits and Factor Theory…………………………………………………….27 2.5.2 Anne-Reo Career Choice Theory…………………………………………....28 2.5.3 Holland Career Choice Theory……………………………………………....29 2.6 Hypothesis Development…………………………………………………....31 2.6.1 Parental influence and career choice ……………………………………….31 2.6.2 Personality and career choice……………………………………………......33 2.6.3 Personal interest and career choice…………………………………………..36 2.7 Chapter Summary…………………………………………………………....40

CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 3.1 Introduction………………………………………………………………….41 3.2 Research Design……………………………………………………………..41 3.3 Measurement and Questionnaire Design…………………………………….43 3.4 Population and Sample………………………………………………………50 3.5 Data Collection Technique…………………………………………………..53 3.6 Pilot Test…………………………………………………………………….54 3.7 Data Analysis Technique………………………………………………….....56 3.8 Chapter Summary…………………………………………………………....57 CHAPTER 4: DATA ANALYSIS AND FINDING 4.1 Introduction………………………………………………………………….58 4.2 Responses Rate……………………………………………………………....58 4.3 Respondent’s Demographic Characteristics…………………………………58 4.4 Reliability Analysis……………………………………………………….....62 4.5 Descriptive Analysis………………………………………………………... 63 4.6 Pearson Correlation Analysis……………………………………………......64 4.7 Multiple Regression Analysis………………………………………………. 67 4.8 Chapter Summary……………………………………………………………69 CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION 5.1 5.2 5.2.1

Introduction………………………………………………………………….70 Discussion…………………………………………………………………...70 To examine the relationship between parental influence and 8

career choice …………………………………………………………….....70 To examine the relationship between personality and career choice…..........71 To examine the relationship between personal interest and career choice………………………………………………………................74 5.3 Limitation of the Study………………………………………………………77 5.4 Implication of Study………………………………………………………....77 5.4.1 Theoretical implication……………………………………………………...78 5.4.2 Practical implication………………………………………………………...79 5.5 Recommendation and Suggestion for Future Study………………………...80 5.5.1 Recommendation…………………………………………………………....80 5.5.2 Suggestion for future study……………………………………………….... 81 5.6 Conclusion………………………………………………………………......82 5.2.2 5.2.3

REFERENCE……………………………………………………………………...84 APPENDIX………………………………………………………………………...93

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LIST OF TABLE

Table 2.1:

Big Five Model Dimension………………………………………….20

Table 2.2:

Holland Career Choice Theory……………………………………...31

Table 3.1:

Items and Sources of Items for Each Variable……………………...44

Table 3.2:

The Distribution of Universiti Utara Malaysia Students according to School and Gender………………………………………………..51

Table 3.3:

Population and Sampling……………………………………………52

Table 3.4:

Reliability Result of the Variables and Its Dimension……………...55

Table 3.5:

Level of Relation Power……………………………………………57

Table 4.1:

Survey Responses…………………………………………………...58

Table 4.2:

Profile of Respondents………………………………………………61

Table 4.3:

Reliability Analysis…………………………………………………62

Table 4.4:

Descriptive Analysis………………………………………………...63

Table 4.5:

Pearson Correlation Analysis……………………………………….66

Table 4.6:

Multiple Regression Table………………………………………….67

Table 4.7:

Hypothesis Statement……………………………………………….68

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LIST OF FIGURE

Figure 2.1:

Factors that influencing career choice among university student…..26

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LIST OF ABBREVIATION

UUM

Universiti Utara Malaysia

UKM

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

SDS

Self-directed Search

COB

College of Business

CAS

College of Arts and Science

COLGIS

College of Laws, Government and International Studies

CGPA

Cumulative Grade Point Average

BPM

Bachelor of Public Management

BDM

Bachelor of Development Management

INTAFF

Bachelor of International Studies

BBA

Bachelor of Business Administration

B. Edu

Bachelor of Education

B. Acct.

Bachelor of Accounting

BIBM

Bachelor of International Business Management

B. Ec.

Bachelor of Economy

B. Fin.

Bachelor of Finance

BHRM

Bachelor of Human Resources Management

BTM

Bachelor of Tourism Management

B. Sc. Ec.

Bachelor of Science Economy

B. Mrktg.

Bachelor of Marketing

LLB

Bachelor of Law

B. Ent.

Bachelor of Entrepreneurship

BHM

Bachelor of Hospitality Management

BSWM

Bachelor of Social Work Management

B. POM

Bachelor of Operation Management

BIFB

Bachelor of Islamic Financial Banking

B. Couns.

Bachelor of Counselling

B. Media Tech.

Bachelor of Media Technology

BIT

Bachelor of Information Technology

B. Banking

Bachelor of Banking

B. Comm.

Bachelor of Communication

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B. Event Mgmt.

Bachelor of Event Management

B. Sc. Ind.

Bachelor of Science Industry

B. Tech. Mgmt.

Bachelor of Technology Management

BMA

Bachelor of Muamalat Administration

B. Sc. AgriBus Mgt. Bachelor of Science Agriculture Business Management B. Sc. IT

Bachelor of Science Information Technology

BRMI

Bachelor of Risk Management and Insurance

B. Sc. Multimedia

Bachelor of Science Multimedia

B. Sc. Math.

Bachelor of Science Mathematic

B. Sc. Dec.

Bachelor of Science Decision

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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

1.1

Background of the Study

Each individual has their own preferences in choosing a right career and the career that can bring secure to them in the future. Besides, career is considered as a decisive mean in determining whether a person is successful in his or her life or vice versa. Every individual has different preferences, opinion and interest about a matter. Likewise, in career choice, the right choice of career should be made earlier so there will be no regret in the future. Having the right career can provide satisfaction to each person. On the other hand, choosing the wrong career can make a person feel bored, in fact, it can be a worse option that can ruin the person’s future. Therefore, it is important for a person to have a lot of consideration about career choice.

According to Nor Qhuzaimah, Norhidayu, Siti Fasihah and Syafinaz (2013), career choice is an important aspect in the individual life. This is because, career will determine the pattern of the role that will be played by the individual in society. But, to choose a career which meets the needs, interests, talents, abilities and qualification is not easy. This is due to, the selected job will affect self-concept, values, prosperity and individual life satisfaction.

Career choice is an ongoing process which starts from the childhood up to the school level, higher education and adult as mention by Super Development Career Theory (Ishamumudin, 2007). In addition, prior researchers such as Holland (1959), and

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The contents of the thesis is for internal user only

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