This workbook belongs to - IES Pedro Espinosa

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Presentación Tu “Workbook” ha sido preparado por tus profesores para ayudarte a superar la asignatura de inglés con éxito. Revísalo con frecuencia, tráelo siempre a clase, lee los consejos que aparecen en él ¡cuídalo! y no olvides que hay que trabajar desde el primer día. Contiene las siguientes secciones: Guía para el alumno ............................................................................. 1 Consejos para mejorar tu inglés ............................................................... 3 ¿Cómo aprender vocabulario? .................................................................. 4 Classroom language ............................................................................. 5 Números ........................................................................................... 8 Verbos irregulares ................................................................................ 9 Reglas de ortografía ............................................................................. 11 Cómo hacer una buena presentación ......................................................... 12 Diario de lectura ................................................................................. 13 Fichas para las lecturas ........................................................................ 17 Vocabulario por unidades ....................................................................... 18 Fichas para mejorar la destreza oral ......................................................... 28 Explicaciones gramaticales y ejercicios ...................................................... 38 Mi Portfolio ........................................................................................ 55

¡Buen curso 2015-16!

The English Department IES Pedro Espinosa

IES  PEDRO  ESPINOSA   DEPARTAMENTO  DE  INGLÉS  

HOJA  INFORMATIVA  PARA  EL  ALUMNADO  2º  ESO   CURSO  2015-­‐2016  

I.  SISTEMA  DE  EVALUACIÓN   Se  realizarán  2  exámenes  trimestrales,  para  los  que  se  establecerá  hora  y  día,  y  todos  los  controles  de  vocabulario,  verbos,   frases…   oportunos.   No   olvides   que   la   EVALUACIÓN   ES   CONTINUA,   lo   que   implica   que   cada   examen   engloba   todo   lo   estudiado   desde   el   comienzo   de   curso   hasta   el   momento   del   examen   y   cada   examen   sirve   de   recuperación   del   anterior.   Puesto  que  la  nota  de  exámenes  es  sólo  el  70%  de  la  calificación  trimestral,  ningún  alumno  podrá  aprobar  la  asignatura   SÓLO  Y  EXCLUSIVAMENTE  CON  EL  ÚLTIMO  EXAMEN.  ¡Hay  que  trabajar  desde  el  primer  día!   Los  exámenes  constarán  de  las  siguientes  partes:   → Gramática  y  Vocabulario  (Use  of  English)  40%   → Comprensión  del  texto  (Reading)  20%   → Comprensión  auditiva  (Listening)  10%   → Redacción  (Writing)  20%   → Expresión  oral  (Speaking)  10%     Recuerda   que   los   EXÁMENES   REPRESENTAN   UN   70%   DE   TU   NOTA   FINAL   Y   EL   30%   RESTANTE   SE   BASARÁ   EN   TU   TRABAJO  DE  CLASE  Y  EN  TU  CUADERNO  Y  EN  LA  REALIZACIÓN  DE  TAREAS,  PROYECTOS,  LECTURAS  Y  REDACCIONES  tal   y  como  se  muestra  en  la  siguiente  tabla:       Nivel  1º,  2º,  3º  y  4º  ESO.    100%  repartido  entre:   Exámenes:  70%  

Exámenes  de  unidades  

Tests  

Trabajo  en  clase/casa   Participación  

Trabajo  del  alumno:  30  %   Proyectos  y   Redacciones  

Biblioteca  de  aula  

50.00%   20.00%   10.00%   10.00%   10.00%     Por tanto, para  aprobar  la  asignatura  será  necesario:   → Realizar  Tarea  en  casa.  Se  revisará  diariamente.   → Participar  en  clase  y  en  las  actividades  propuestas  por  el  departamento.   → Trabajar  proyectos.   → Aprovechar  el  tiempo  dedicado  a  la  lectura  y  llevar  al  día  el  diario  de  lectura.   → Tener  el  cuaderno  completo,  limpio,  ordenado  y  corregido.     → Mostrar  interés  por  la  asignatura.   → Realizar  exámenes  orales  y  escritos.   El  alumnado  que  no  supere  el  curso  en  la  convocatoria  de  junio,  deberá  presentarse  a  la  convocatoria  de  septiembre.  El   examen  de  septiembre  incluirá  todas  las  destrezas  trabajadas  durante  el  curso.     II.  RECUPERACIÓN  DE  CURSOS  ANTERIORES   Para  recuperar  los  cursos  anteriores  el  alumnado  deberá  presentarse  a  un  examen  trimestral  en  las  siguientes  fechas  y  de   las  siguientes  unidades:   → 1ª  evaluación:  temas  1,  2,  3  –  jueves  19  noviembre  17.00   → 2ª  evaluación:  temas  4,  5  –  jueves  18  febrero  17.00   → 3ª  evaluación:  temas  6,  7,  8  –  jueves  26  mayo  17.00   Recuerda   que   para   repasar   tienes   tu   cuaderno   del   alumno   realizado   por   el   Departamento.   Si   lo   has   perdido,   podrás   descargarlo   de   la   página   web   del   centro:   http://bit.ly/1XLqoLU   (iespedroespinosa.es   »   departamentos   »   inglés   »   cuadernillos).  Si  tienes  dudas,  recuerda  preguntar  a  tus  profesores;  te  ayudarán.     *El  profesorado  indicará  el  lugar  de  realización  de  la  prueba.     III.  MATERIAL     Obligatorio   → Interface  ESO2,  Student’s  Book.  Editorial  Macmillan  (Lo  recibirás  en  el  Centro)                            

Recomendado   → Cuadernillo   del   Alumno   realizado   por   el   Departamento   (fotocopiadora   del   Centro,   página   web   del   centro   en   formato  *pdf:  http://bit.ly/1XLqoLU  (iespedroespinosa.es  »  departamentos  »  inglés  »  cuadernillos).   → Diccionario   de   bolsillo.   Debe   traerse   a   clase   TODOS   LOS   DÍAS.   Editoriales   recomendadas:   Collins   Gem,   Oxford,   Larousse,  Longman.     → Cuaderno   a   elección   del   alumno.   Deberá   estar   perfectamente   ordenado   y   presentable   con   nombre,   apellidos   y   curso  en  la  portada.   → Fundas  folio  para  guardar  las  fotocopias  que  se  entreguen  o  que  se  recomienden  para  su  compra.  Si  el  tamaño  lo   permite,  deben  pegarse  en  el  cuaderno.     IV.  INSTRUCCIONES   → NO  SE  PUEDE  ESCRIBIR  en  el  Student’s  Book  porque  NO  es  nuestro.   → Cuando  el/la  profesor/a  llega,  todos/as  tenemos  preparado  nuestro  material  y  estamos  listos/as  para  empezar  la   clase.     V.  RECURSOS  ONLINE   → http://englishyesplease.blogspot.com   → www.wordreference.com  (diccionario)   → www.languageguide.org/english/  (vocabulario)   → http://www.ego4u.com/  (gramática,  vocabulario,  expresión  escrita)   → http://mbonillo.xavierre.com/httpdocs/grammar/2eso.html  (gramática,  listening)     VI.  ¿PARA  QUÉ  ME  SIRVE  EL  INGLÉS?   → Para   APROBAR   esta   asignatura   y   así   ir   por   → Para  seguir  tus  series  de  televisión  favoritas.   buen  camino  para  obtener  mi  graduado.   → Para  conseguir  un  trabajo.   → Para  navegar  por  internet.   → Para  ligar,  viajar…     → Para   escuchar   y   entender   las   canciones   o   a   los   deportistas  que  me  gustan.     VII.  ¿QUÉ  MÉTODOS  PUEDO  USAR  PARA  APRENDER  INGLÉS?   → Aprovechar  al  máximo  las  clases  en  el   → Lectura  de  periódicos,  revistas  y  libros   instituto:  prestando  atención,  participando.   (adaptados  u  originales).   → Clases  de  conversación  con  un  hablante   → Uso  de  Internet  y  DVDs.   nativo.   → Concentración  en  la  práctica  oral.   → Charlas  con  turistas.   → Concentración  en  los  ejercicios  de  gramática.   → Práctica  con  compañeros  fuera  de  clase.   → Audición  de  podcasts.     VIII.  SI  YO  FUERA  ALUMNO/A   → No   faltaría   a   clase   a   no   ser   por   extrema   necesidad   y,   en   caso   de   faltar,   comunicaría   al   profesor   el   motivo   de   la   falta   y   además   me   informaría   de   lo   que   se   ha   tratado   en   clase   el   día   en   que   yo   he   faltado   y   recuperaría   los   apuntes.   Recuerda  que  debes  enseñar  el  justificante  de  tus  faltas.     → Por  lo  menos  una  vez  por  semana  dedicaría  un  tiempo  a  estudiar  la  materia  de  esa  semana.   → Participaría  en  clase:     o me  dirigiría  al  profesor  con  respeto.   o corrigiendo  la  tarea.   o iría   completando   mi   cuaderno   poco   a   o preguntando  lo  que  no  entendiera.     poco  y  este  estaría  limpio  y  claro.     o hablando  en  inglés.   o respetando  el  trabajo  de  los  demás.   o controlaría   mis   ganas   de   broma   y   de   o participando   en   los   diálogos   y   juego  en  clase.                 teatrillos.   →  Estudiaría  el  vocabulario  y  los  verbos  a  diario  y  NO  la  noche  antes  del  examen.   →  Prepararía  los  exámenes  intentando  comprender  todo,  practicando  con  ejercicios,  repasando  el    vocabulario…          

 

 

   

  Me  doy  por  enterado  de  qué  tengo  que  hacer  para  aprobar  la  asignatura  de  inglés,  de  los  criterios  de  evaluación,  de  los   materiales  necesarios,  de  mis  obligaciones…  y  mi  firma  y  la  de  mis  padres  da  fe  de  ello.     FIRMA  ALUMNO/A  (2º  ESO  grupo:____)                                                                                                            FIRMA  PADRES    Fdo.________________________________                            

   

                         Fdo.________________________________                       SEPTIEMBRE,  2015

→ Descarga en tu MP3 o smartphone los listenings recomendados, audiolibros o cualquier cosa que te guste. ¡Aprovecha cualquier momento! No importa que al principio no entiendas. ¡ESCUCHA, ESCUCHA, ESCUCHA!

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¿Sabes por qué es difícil aprender palabras en inglés? 1) Para un hispanohablante, la gran mayoría de las palabras en inglés son sonidos ininteligibles que no significan absolutamente nada. Si la palabra nueva te resulta familiar solo se puede deber a dos motivos: es una palabra de origen latino o la has escuchado en los medios de comunicación. Recuerda: Dado que el inglés es un idioma de origen germánico, muy alejado del español, no se asimila un nuevo sonido hasta que no se repite unas diez, a veinte veces, hablando. Algunas palabras incluso tienen que llegar a repetirse unas cien veces para que se queden grabadas en la memoria. 2) Hay, al menos, dos tipos de vocabularios. El vocabulario del inglés hablado y el del inglés escrito. Esto quiere decir que hay palabras que lees pero que no se suelen usar en inglés hablado y palabras que escuchas pero que no se suelen escribir. Las palabras de inglés hablado son las más difíciles de aprender porque una gran mayoría no son de origen latino; son "phrasal verbs", o palabras de origen germánico. Recuerda: Es mejor empezar aprendiendo el vocabulario del inglés hablado ya que será el que más vas a necesitar en el día a día. 3) El número de palabras que hay que aprender para hablar con cierta fluidez ronda las tres mil. Aprender tres mil palabras es difícil y toma tiempo, por tanto, necesitaremos determinación a prueba de fuego. Recuerda: Para incrementar tu vocabulario, determinación a prueba de fuego; esto significa planificación y constancia. 4) Por cada palabra, hay que aprender "pronunciación" y "deletreo" (spelling). Si no sabes escribir una palabra, no importa demasiado porque siempre puedes buscarla en un diccionario, pero si no sabes pronunciarla realmente no sabes esa palabra. Recuerda: Solo puedes decir que sabes una palabra si puedes pronunciarla y colocarla correctamente en una frase. Consejo: Búscate ahora mismo alguien para hablar. ¿Cómo superaremos todas estas barreras? Sólo hay una manera: con mucha determinación y un buen método. Suponiendo que ya tenemos la determinación, veamos los métodos. Una de las mejores maneras de aprender vocabulario es viendo películas en inglés con subtítulos. Ves la imagen, escuchas cómo suena y ves cómo se escribe. Ni que decir tiene que otra fantástica manera de aprender vocabulario es cantando. Otra buena fórmula es hablando. Cuando no sabes cómo decir algo, la necesidad de comunicarte te lleva a buscar las palabras que necesitas para expresarte. Así que piensa durante el día frases en español y piensa cómo las dirías en inglés. Si tienes dudas pregunta a un profesor. Otra forma eficaz de incrementar tu vocabulario es leyendo. La gran ventaja de la lectura es que aprendes las nuevas palabras en un contexto determinado. La desventaja es que no sabes cómo suena la palabra. Por ello, la lectura debe combinarse siempre con prácticas de conversación. También son buenos los audio-books para leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo. Por último, se aprende vocabulario estudiando y echando mano de todos los recursos que tenemos a mano: diccionarios, internet,trucos para memorizar, juegos, crucigramas (crosswords), el ahorcado (hangman), leyendo las noticias en inglés, etc ¿Cómo recordar vocabulario nuevo? 1. Traduciendo la palabra a tu idioma. Por ejemplo: coche – car (inglés). 2. Describiéndola en español. Por ejemplo: vehículo con motor y de cuatro ruedas para transportar personas. 3. Haciendo un dibujo. 4. Poniéndola en contexto. Por ejemplo: Mi coche se ha estropeado y tengo que llevarlo al taller. 5. Colocándola dentro de un grupo léxico. Por ejemplo: coche, camión, moto, etc. (Fuente: http://elblogdelingles.blogspot.com.es/)

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CLASSROOM LANGUAGE Cosas que podrías decir a tu profesor/a Lo siento, no lo entiendo ¿Perdón? ¿Qué quiere decir “chair”? ¿Cómo se dice “X” en inglés? ¿Cómo se deletrea eso? ¿Es esto correcto? ¿Cuál es el pasado de “go”? ¿Cómo se pronuncia esta palabra? ¿Qué tenemos que hacer exactamente? Perdone, ¿puedo pasar? ¿Podría hablar más despacio, por favor? Perdone. Lo siento, llego tarde. ¿Puedo ir al baño, por favor? ¿Puedo sacar punta al lápiz, por favor? Dígalo otra vez, por favor. ¿Puede ayudarme, por favor? ¿Es esto correcto / incorrecto? Lo siento, he olvidado mi cuaderno. Lo siento, no hice mi tarea. Cosas que tu profesor podría decirte. Abrid vuestro libro por la página 25. Responde las preguntas. Escribe las respuestas. Trabajad solos / en parejas / en grupos. Haz estas preguntas a tu compañero. Responde las preguntas de tu compañero. Escucha y repite… otra vez… Haz la pregunta. Escucha el CD y esponde las preguntas. Lee el texto. Escribe una redacción sobre… Copiad esto en vuestras libretas. La tarea es … ejercicio 5, página 11 ¡Bien hecho! ¿Habéis terminado? ¿Dónde está Pedro hoy? ¿Quién falta hoy?

Things you might say to your teacher I’m sorry, I don’t understand. Pardon? Sorry? What does “chair” mean? How do you say “X” in English? How do you spell that? Is this correct? What is the past of “go”? How do you pronounce this word? What exactly do we have to do? Excuse me. May I come in? Could you speak more slowly, please? Excuse me. I’m sorry, I’m late. May I go to the toilet, please? Can I sharpen my pencil, please? Say that again, please. Can you help me, please? Is this right / wrong? I’m sorry, I forgot my notebook. I’m sorry, I didn’t do my homework. Things your teacher might say to you. Open your book at page 25. Answer the questions. Write the answers. Work alone / in pairs / in groups. Ask your partner these questions ... Answer your partner’s questions ... Listen and repeat … again … Make the question. Listen to the CD to answer these questions. Read the text. Write a composition about… Copy this into your notebooks. The homework is ...exercise 5, page 11 Well done! Have you finished? Where’s Pedro today? Who is absent / missing today? 5

¿Habéis hecho la tarea? Nos vemos la próxima clase. ¡Que tengáis un buen fin de semana! ¿Cómo estás? ¡Estaos quietos! Ven a la pizarra. Siéntate. Levántate. Cierra el libro. Abre el libro. Enséñame tu libreta. Vamos a empezar con la clase ahora. ¿Está todo el mundo listo para empezar? Voy a pasar lista. ¿A quién le gustaría tener un positivo hoy? Coge uno y pásalos.

Have you done your homework? See you next lesson. Have a nice weekend! How are you? Be quiet! Come to the board. Sit down. Stand up. Close your book. Open your book. Show me your notebook. Let’s start with the lesson now. Is everybody ready to start? I’m going to take attendance. Who would like to get extra marks today? Take one and pass them on.

Cosas que podrías leer en tu libro o en un examen. Completa las frases con las palabras de abajo. Completa las frases con la forma correcta de los verbos entre paréntesis. Escribe las frases en negative e interrogative. Elige / Subraya / Rodea Escribe las palabras en el orden correcto. Lee el texto y responde las preguntas. Escribe cinco frases sobre… Traduce las siguientes frases a inglés. Escribe los contrarios.

Things you might read in your book or in an exam. Complete the sentences with the words below. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Write the sentences in the negative and interrogative. Choose / Underline / Circle the correct… Write the words in the correct order. Read the text and answer the questions. Write five sentences about… Translate the following sentences into English. Write the opposites.

Cosas que podrías decir a tu compañero. ¿Podría coger prestado tu…? ¿Puedes dejarme un…? Lo siento, no recuerdo tu nombre. ¿Podemos compartir el libro? ¿En qué página estamos? ¿Me puedes pasar esas hoja, por favor? Perdona, ese es mi libro. ¿Quién va a empezar? ¿A quién le toca? Me toca a mi ahora.

Things you might say to your classmate. Can I borrow your…, please? Can you lend me a …? Sorry, I can’t remember your name. Can I share your book with you? What page is it on? Can you pass me that piece of paper, please? Excuse me, that’s my book. Who is going to start? Whose turn is it? It’s my turn now.

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SCHOOL AND EDUCATION go to school ...................... study .............................. learn (by heart) ................. do homework .................... ask ................................. answer ............................ know .............................. revise.............................. take an exam .................... examen pass an exam..................... fail an exam...................... repeat a year .................... leave school...................... colegio take the register attendance ....................... expel .............................. punish ............................. punishment....................... skip classes*...................... absent............................. present............................ hard-working..................... inattentive ....................... undisciplined..................... high / secondary school ........ state school ...................... private school....................

ir al colegio estudiar aprender (de memoria) hacer la tarea preguntar responder saber repasar hacer un aprobar suspender repetir dejar el pasar lista expulsar castigar castigo saltarse las clases ausente presente trabajador distraido indisciplinado instituto colegio público colegio privado

AT SCHOOL class ............................... classroom......................... headmaster ...................... deputy ............................ director of studies .............. counsellor ........................ teacher ........................... tutor............................... caretaker ......................... secretary ......................... language assistant .............. cleaner............................ desk ............................... table .............................. ruler .............................. glue ............................... scissors ........................... stick .............................. calculator......................... brush .............................. computer ........................ keyboard ......................... mouse ............................ headphones ..................... loudspeakers ..................... laptop ............................. netbook ........................... map................................ drawing pin ...................... duster, eraser.................... rubber............................. sharpener......................... schoolbag ......................... pencilcase ........................ exam .............................. break .............................. bell ................................ chair...............................

clase clase director vicedirector jefe de estudios orientador profesor tutor conserje secretario asistente lingüístico limpiador pupitre mesa regla pegamento tijeras pegar calculadora cepillo ordenador teclado ratón auriculares altavoces portátil miniportatil mapa chincheta borrador goma sacapuntas mochila estuche examen recreo campana silla

TEACHING term ................................trimestre timetable..........................horario subject.............................asignatura lesson ..............................lección period ..............................hora de clase free period ........................hora libre french class .......................clase de francés vocabulary ........................vocabulario grammar ...........................gramática

FACILITIES playground ........................patio library..............................biblioteca assembly hall .....................salón de actos language lab ......................laboratorio de idiomas canteen ............................cafetería reception ..........................recepción staffroom ..........................sala de profesores registration room ................secretaría laboratory .........................laboratorio gym.................................gimnasio headteacher’s office ............despacho del director

IN THE CLASSROOM classmate .........................compañero chair................................silla cupboard ..........................armario locker ..............................taquilla stapler ............................grapadora hole punch .......................taladradora schoolbag .........................mochila board...............................pizarra notice board .....................tablón dictionary .........................diccionario notebook ..........................libreta sheet ..............................hoja pen ................................bolígrafo pencil .............................lápiz marker ............................subrayador boardpen ..........................rotulador pizarra chalk ..............................tiza crayons ............................ceras coloured pencils .................lápices de colores correction fluid ..................líquido corrector spelling ............................ortografía essay ...............................redacción, trabajo translation ........................traducción exam ...............................examen mistake ............................fallo good mark .........................buena nota bad mark ..........................mala nota pass mark..........................aprobado school report......................boletín prize................................premio GCSE ...............................graduado de Secundaria holidays............................vacaciones

SUBJECTS computer studies ................informática maths ..............................matemáticas history .............................historia geography .........................geografía science.............................ciencias biology .............................biología chemistry..........................química physics .............................física languages..........................idiomas English .............................ingles physical education ..............E.F. religion ............................religión French .............................Francés

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    Cardinal Numbers 0 zero, oh, nought, nil, love, nothing 1 one 2 two 3 three 4 four 5 five 6 six 7 seven 8 eight 9 nine 10 ten 11 eleven 12 twelve 13 thirteen 14 fourteen 15 fifteen 16 sixteen 17 seventeen 18 eighteen 19 nineteen 20 twenty 21 twenty-one 22 twenty-two 23 twentythree 24 twenty-four 25 twenty-five

26 twenty-six 27 twenty-seven 28 twenty-eight 29 twenty-nine 30 thirty 40 forty (no "u") 50 fifty 60 sixty 70 seventy 80 eighty 90 ninety 100 a/one hundred 101 a hundred and one 110 a hundred and ten 120 a hundred and twenty 200 two hundred 1,000 a/one thousand 1,001 a thousand and one 1,010 a thousand and ten 2,000 two thousand 10,000 ten thousand 11,000 eleven thousand 100,000 a/one hundred thousand 1,000,000 a/one million 2,000,000 two million 1,000,000,000 a/one billion From http://www.studyenglishtoday.net/ cardinal-numbers.html

                 

1.If a number is in the range 21 to 99, and the second digit is not zero, we should write the number as two words separated by a hyphen:

56

47

fifty-six

2. Numbers over 100 are generally written in figures. If you say them aloud or want to write them in words rather than figures you put 'and' in front of the number expressed by the last two figures. For example:

Eg.

505

five hundred and five

Note: The British use 'and' before tens and ones but the Americans usually leave the 'and' out.

Eg.

602

six hundred and two

(AmE: six hundred two) 3. Numbers between 1000 and 1,000,000 is usually said or written in words as:

1,704

one thousand, seven hundred

and four (AmE: one thousand, seven hundred four)

4,365

four thousand, three hundred

and sixty-five (AmE: four thousand, three hundred sixty-five) 4. Four-figure numbers ending in 00 can also be said or written as a number of hundreds. Eg.

1900

nineteen hundred

Years We normally say a year in two parts. In the case of

5.Expressing millions.

years ending in "00", we say the second part in "hundred":

Eg.

1978 nineteen seventy-eight 1706 seventeen hundred and six (or 'seventeen oh six') 1900 nineteen hundred There are two ways of saying years ending in "01" to "09" before 2000.

1901 nineteen oh one or nineteen hundred and one 2000 two thousand 2009 two thousand and nine (AmE: two thousand nine). Post-2010 dates are often said as normal

forty-seven

2,572,285

two million five

hundred (and) seventy-two thousand two hundred (and)eighty-five Note: AmE: BrE:

a thousand million = a billion a thousand million = milliard.

Note: no final –S after dozen, hundred, thousand, million and billion

five hundred pounds seventy thousand years

2010 would be twenty ten 8

Irregular Verbs 2 ESO

Irregular Verbs INFINITIVE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48

be beat become begin bend bite bleed blow break breed bring build buy catch choose come cost cut do draw dream drink drive eat fall feed feel fight find fly forbid foretell forget forgive freeze get give go grow have hear hide hit hold hurt keep know lay

PAST SIMPLE was, were beat became began bent bit bled blew broke bred brought built bought caught chose came cost cut did drew dreamt drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found flew forbade foretold forgot forgave froze got gave went grew had heard hid hit held hurt kept knew laid

PAST PARTICIPLE been beaten become begun bent bitten bled blown broken bred brought built bought caught chosen come cost cut done drawn dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found flown forbidden foretold forgotten forgiven frozen got given gone grown had heard hidden hit held hurt kept known laid

TRANSLATION estar derrotar, golpear convertirse en, hacerse empezar doblar morder sangrar soplar romper(se) criar traer construer comprar coger, atrapar elegir venir, llegar costar cortar hacer dibujar soñar beber conducir comer caerse alimentar sentir luchar encontrar volar prohibir predecir olvidar perdonar congelar conseguir, recibir dar ir(se) crecer, cultivar tener, tomar, haber oír esconder golpear sujetar doler, hacer daño continuar, seguir saber, conocer poner, extender 9

Irregular Verbs 2 ESO

INFINITIVE 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57

learn leave lend let light lose make mean meet

PAST SIMPLE learnt left lent let lit lost made meant met

PAST PARTICIPLE learnt left lent let lit lost made meant met

58 59 60 61

pay put read ride

paid put read rode

paid put read ridden

62 ring

rang

rung

63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78

run say see sell send shake shine shoot show shut sing sit sleep speak spell spend

ran said saw sold sent shook shone shot showed shut sang sat slept spoke spelt spent

run said seen sold sent shaken shone shot shown shut sung sat slept spoken spelt spent

79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95

spread stand steal stick stink sweep swim take teach tell think throw understand wake wear win write

spread stood stole stuck stank swept swam took taught told thought threw understood woke wore won wrote

spread stood stolen stuck stunk swept swum taken taught told thought thrown understood woken worn won written

TRANSLATION aprender, enterarse de irse, dejar prestar dejar (autorizar) encender perder hacer, fabricar significar, querer decir conocer, reunirse, quedar, encontrarse con alguien pagar poner leer montar (caballo, moto, bici…)) tocar (el timbre) sonar (el teléfono) correr decir ver vender enviar agitar, sacudir brillar, relucir disparar mostrar cerrar cantar sentarse dormir(se) hablar deletrear gastar (dinero), pasar (tiempo) extender estar de pie robar pegar, colgar apestar barrer nadar coger, llevarse enseñar decir, contar pensar tirar, arrojar entender despertar(se) ponerse, llevar puesto ganar escribir 10

Adding –ing/ -ed to verbs

Plural of Nouns

Present simple:

3rd person singular

11

THE BEGINNING OR INTRODUCTION Good morning/afternoon everybody. GETTING PEOPLE ATTENTION • Right / Well / Ok. Let’s start. GIVE TITLE AND INTRODUCE SUBJECT • I plan to talk about… • Today I’m going to talk about… TRANSITIONS • Now let us turn to point one. THE MIDDLE OR THE BODY • There are three things we have to consider: one… • First of all… • In the first place… LINKING IDEAS To give an example: • For example • For instance To rephrase: • In other words To summarize: • To summarize • To sum up THE END OR CONCLUSION • In conclusion, I would like to say that… • Finally… • If there are any questions, please feel free to ask. • Any questions? •

• • • • • • • • • •

Plan your presentation. Organise your ideas, and write what you are going to say. Introduce your presentation by explaining what you are going to say. Include some questions for the class. For example: ‘Do you know what’s the name of this animal? Let me tell you.’ Then practise giving the presentation. Write notes on note cards. When you are speaking, use the note cards, but don’t read the whole text. Make eye contact with the students in your class. Stand at the front of the class, and try to keep your body still. Ask your audience if they have any questions at the end of the presentation.

I mean Well (you see) So You know what I mean OK Right Let’s see Now, let me think… That’s an interesting question…

• • • • • •

Use 5 – 8 slides for your presentation. Don’t put all the text from your presentation on the slides. Write key words and phrases. Don’t put too much text on each slide. This means that it is easier for your audience to read AND listen. Use some colour and images, but not TOO MUCH!

12

MY FIRST BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great. MY SECOND BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.

13

MY THIRD BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great. MY FOURTH BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.

14

MY FIFTH BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great. MY SIXTH BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.

15

MY SEVENTH BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great. MY EIGHTH BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.

16

ENGLISH

SPANISH

ENGLISH

SPANISH

17

2º ESO/

STARTER UNIT: clothes, family and subjects CLOTHES

belt ............................cinturón blouse .........................blusa boots ..........................botas bracelet .......................pulsera cap.............................gorra/ gorro coat............................abrigo dress ...........................vestido glasses.........................gafas gloves .........................guantes jacket .........................chaqueta jeans...........................(pantalones) vaqueros jersey..........................jersey necklace ......................collar pyjamas .......................pijama sandals ........................sandalias short ...........................camisa shoes ..........................zapatos shorts..........................(pantalones) cortos skirt............................falda socks...........................calcetines sweater .......................sudadera track-suit .....................chándal trainers........................zapatillas de deporte trousers .......................pantalones T-shirt .........................camiseta underwear ....................ropa interior

FAMILY MEMBERS

aunt ............................. tía brother.......................... hermano child ............................. hijo o hija children ......................... hijos (hijos+hijas) cousin ........................... primo/prima daughter in law................ nuera daughter ........................ hija father (dad) .................... padre (papá) father in law ................... suegro grandfather (granddad) ...... abuelo grandmother (grandmum) ... abuela grandparents ................... abuelos (abuelo+abuela) mother (Mum).................. madre (mamá) mother in law .................. suegra nephew ......................... sobrino niece ............................ sobrina parents......................... padres (padre+madre) sister ............................ hermana son in law....................... yerno son ............................... hijo step-father ..................... padrastro step-mother .................... madrastra uncle ............................ tío SUBJECTS AT SCHOOL

CLOTHES DESIGNS/ COLOURS

black...................... negro brown .................... marrón checked .................. de cuadros flowery ................... de flores green ..................... verde grey ....................... gris orange.................... naranja patterned ................ de dibujos pink ....................... rosa plain ...................... liso purple .................... morado red ........................ rojo spotted ................... de lunares striped ................... de rayas white ..................... blanco yellow .................... amarillo

art .............................plástica drama .........................teatro French ........................francés Spanish........................lengua English ........................inglés geography ....................geografía history.........................historia literature .....................literature ICT (information and communication technology) .................................informática maths..........................matemáticas music ..........................música PE (physical education) ....educación física Science........................ciencias

ATTENTION! We write languages with a capital letter: French

18

Interface 2 Vocabulary

UNIT 1: FILM AND TV FILM TYPES action ...................... adventure ................ animated ................. comedy ................... fantasy .................... horror ..................... musical ................... romantic comedy ....... science-fiction ........... thriller .................... war ........................ western ...................

de acción de aventuras de animación comedia de fantasía de terror musical comedia romántica de ciencia ficción de suspense /un thriller de guerra/ bélica del Oeste/ un western

TV PROGRAMMES cartoon ................... dibujos animados chat show ................ programa de tertulia informal comedy programme .... comedia documentary ............. documental drama ..................... serie game show ............... concurso reality show .............. reality / “telerrealidad” soap opera ............... culebrón/ novela sports programme ...... programa de deportes the news .................. informativo

VERBS

snacks ..................... aperitivos salados survivor.................... superviviente teenagers ................ adolescentes weather ................... el tiempo (meteorológico) wedding ................... boda actress ..................... actríz Film (BrE) = movie (AmE) cinema = theatre/ theater (AmE) ADJECTIVES English-speaking ......... de habla inglesa gold ........................ de oro popular .................... famoso theatrical ................. teatral successful ……………………. de éxito

LINKERS so........................... así que OTHER EXPRESSIONS I can’t stand … ........... no aguanto… I don’t mind … ........... me da igual I’m great fan of ......... me encanta … It is about… .............. trata de… Let’s see .................. vamos a ver. special effects ........... efectos especiales stay up late ……………… quedarse levantado hasta tarde to be in love .............. estar enamorado to fall in love ............ enamorarse twice as much............ el doble in the end ................. al final What’s on? ................ ¿Qué echan? (tele, cine)

get enough sleep......... dormir lo suficiente hold ....................... celebrarse look for ................... buscar turn on/ off ............... encender/ apagar hire ......................... alquilar, contratar NOUNS award ...................... celebrities ................ cinema complex.......... contestant ................ event....................... mask ....................... popcorn.................... quiz (show) ............... respuestas report......................

premio los famosos multicines concursante un acontecimiento máscara palomitas juego de preguntas y informe

19

Interface 2 Vocabulary

UNIT 2: ADVENTURE SURVIVAL SKILLS build .............................. construir camp ............................. acampar chop .............................. cortar (leña) climb ............................. escalar cook ............................... cocinar find ............................... encontrar fish ................................ pescar hike................................ hacer senderismo look for ........................... buscar sleep ..............................dormir

environment ..................... medio ambiente leader ............................ líder resources ........................ recursos skills .............................. habilidades summer camp ................... campamento de verano survival ........................... supervivencia tent ............................... tienda de campaña tool................................ herramienta tribe............................... tribu ways............................... maneras wood .............................. leña woodcrafts ....................... artesanía en madera

FEELINGS angry .............................. enfadado bored.............................. aburrido embarrassed ..................... avergonzado excited............................ emocionado jealous ............................ celoso nervous ........................... nervioso pleased ........................... contento sad................................. triste scared ............................. asustado surprised..........................sorprendido tired ............................... cansado worried ........................... preocupado

OTHER VOCABULARY

outdoors ≠ indoors VERBS find out ........................... hunt ............................... join................................ look after ........................ survive ............................

averiguar cazar apuntarse cuidar sobrevivir

OTHER WORDS together .......................... juntos whole ............................. entero OTHER EXPRESSIONS global issues temas de importancia global in the wild ....................... en la naturaleza life swap ......................... intercambio de vida make friends..................... hacer amigos of course. ....................... por supuesto Are you free…? .................. ¿Estás libre…? That’s fine. Where shall we meet? Estupendo. ¿Dónde quedamos? Sorry, I’m busy. ………………… Lo siento, estoy ocupado. What about…? .................. ¿Y si …? (para proponer) How about + -ing? .............. ¿Y si …? (para proponer)

ADJECTIVES brand new ........................ recién salido nervous ........................... nervioso safe................................ a salvo LINKERS however .......................... sin embargo, while ............................. mientras NOUNS (in) isolation ..................... canoe.............................. course ............................. outdoors .........................

aislado canoa cursillo al aire libre

20

Interface 2 Vocabulary

UNIT 3: HISTORY VERBS OF DISCOVERY arrive ............................. llegar discover .......................... descubrir drive .............................. conducir explore ........................... explorar fly.................................. volar/ pilotar go ................................. ir land................................ aterrizar leave .............................. dejar, partir, irse ride ................................ montar sail ................................navegar take off .......................... despegar travel ............................. viajar NATURAL DISASTERS drought ........................... sequía earthquake ....................... terremoto famine ............................ hambruna fire ................................ incendio floods ............................. inundaciones hurricane ......................... huracán landslide corrimiento de tierra, alud tornado ........................... tornado tsunami ........................... tsunami volcanic eruption................erupción volcánica

OTHER VOCABULARY ADJECTIVES wheat ...................... trigo wide ........................ancho

hot-air balloon ........... globo aerostático mountaineer .............. montañero paintings .................. pinturas plane .......................avión sweets ..................... golosinas ship .........................barco top ......................... cima trader ...................... comerciante

biscuits (BrE) = cookies (AmE)

VERBS appear ..................... aparecer bury ........................ enterrar create...................... crear erupt ....................... entrar en erupción hide ........................ esconder invade ..................... invadir reach....................... alcanzar OTHER WORDS both ........................ los dos several..................... varios OTHER EXPRESSIONS A long time ago .......... hace mucho tiempo As we know it, ........... como lo conocemos… At the age of… ........... con la edad de … años. In fact, .................... De hecho, … Thanks to.................. gracias a … To be responsible for.... ser responsable de Very little + N ............ muy poco + SUST Can I help you? .......... ¿En qué puedo ayudarle? I’m looking for information on… Estoy buscando información sobre… I’d like to find out about… Me gustaría encontrar algo sobre… What type of information do you need? ¿qué tipo de información necesita? Come and ask me if you need anything else. Venga y pregúnteme si necesita algo más. Thanks for your help. .. Gracias por su ayuda.

NOUNS ash..........................ceniza biscuits ....................galletas century ....................siglo descent ....................descenso dessert .....................postre environment ..............Medio Ambiente explorer.................... explorador flour ........................harina guide .......................guía

21

Interface 2 Vocabulary

UNIT 4: MYTHS AND LEGENDS CHARACTER ADJECTIVES brave....................... valiente cheerful .................. alegre cruel ...................... cruel friendly ................... simpático, simpática funny ...................... divertido, divertida kind ....................... amable lazy ........................ vago, vaga loyal ....................... leal selfish ..................... egoísta shy ......................... tímido, tímida stubborn .................. testarudo, testaruda wise ....................... sabio, sabia witty ……………………………. Astuto, astuta

cliff ........................ acantilado fact ........................ hecho real fiction ..................... hecho ficticio ghost....................... fantasma highwayman .............. bandolero iron ..........................hierro king ........................ rey practical jokes ........... bromas queen ...................... reina ruler ........................ gobernante sighting .................... avistamiento stone....................... piedra sword ...................... espada witch....................... bruja wizard ..................... brujo

ADJECTIVES dangerous ................. peligroso, peligrosa sure ........................ seguro, segura merry ...................... feliz, alegre MOVEMENT VERBS carry ...................... cross .................... drop ....................... fall ......................... follow ..................... jump ...................... lead ....................... lift ......................... move ...................... pull ......................... push ........................ sit .......................... stand ......................

transportar, llevar cruzar tirar, dejar caer caer seguir saltar conducir, liderar levantar mover tirar empujar sentarse levantarse

LINKERS while....................... mientras when ....................... cuando

OTHER EXPRESSIONS at that time … ........... en ese tiempo in fact … .................. de hecho in the end ................. al final later ....................... más tarde nearby ..................... cercano one day.................... un día suddenly ……………………….de repente take around four hours . durar unas cuatro horas then........................ después, entonces

VERBS be afraid .................. conquer.................... fight........................ invade ..................... rule ........................

tener miedo conquistar pelear invader regir, gobernar

NOUNS myth ....................... mito legend ..................... leyenda

22

Interface 2 Vocabulary

UNIT 5: POSSESSIONS MONEY borrow ..................... buy ........................ earn ....................... lend ....................... pay (for) .................. save ....................... sell ........................ spend (on)................. swap ....................... win ........................

tomar prestado comprar ganar (sueldo) prestar pagar ahorrar vender gastar (en) intercambio, trueque ganar (premio, lotería)

NOUNS $ (dollar) .................. dolar £ (pound sterling)........ libra esterlina € (euro).................... euro change..................... cambio charity..................... caridad, beneficencia coin ........................ moneda donations ................. donativos initiative .................. iniciativa part-time job............. trabajo a tiempo parcial pocket money…….. paga que dan los padres a los hijos tips ......................... consejos website .................... sitio web en internet

ADJECTIVES

COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY desktop ................... flash drive ................ keyboard ................. laptop ..................... memory card ............. mouse ..................... printer .................... scanner ................... screen ..................... speakers ................... webcam ...................

ordenador sobremesa memoria externa (lápiz) teclado ordenador portátil tarjeta de memoria ratón impresora escáner, digitalizador pantalla altavoces cámara web

cheap ...................... expensive ................. second hand .............. smart ......................

barato, barata caro, cara de segunda mano inteligente

LINKERS either … or ............... o … o

OTHER EXPRESSIONS do the maths … .......... hacer los cálculos piece of advice........... consejo means of transport ...... medios de transporte for sale .................... en venta @ …………………………………… at

VERBS click........................ go shopping ............... look after ................. search...................... throw away ............... walk .......................

pulsar ir de compras cuidar buscar tirar, descartar andar, sacar a pasear

23

Interface 4 Vocabulary

UNIT 6: MAKE A DIFFERENCE JOBS actor ....................... actor architect ................. arquitecto baker …………………………… panadero butcher ………………………. carnicero electrician ............... electricista engineer .................. ingeniero fireman .................... bombero lifeguard .................. socorrista mechanic ................. mecánico nurse ...................... enfermero, enfermera police officer ............ oficial de policía politician …………………….. político sportsperson ............. deportista shop assistant …………….. dependiente (tienda) surgeon ................... cirujano teacher .................... profesor, profesora vet.......................... veterinario, veterinaria waiter/ waitress …………. camarero/ camarera

donate ..................... donar lie down ................... tenderse NOUNS equipment ................ exhaustion ................ fire engine …………………… first aid.................... helmet..................... partner .................... plaster ..................... queue ..................... rescue ..................... sanitation ................. uniform.................... volunteer..................

equipamiento, equipación cansancio extremo camión de bomberos primeros auxilios casco compañero, compañera escayola cola de espera rescate condiciones de higiene uniforme voluntario, voluntaria

ADJECTIVES boring...................... busy ........................ distinctive ................ exciting.................... healthy .................... professional...............

aburrido, aburrida ocupado, ocupada distintivo, característico emocionante sano, sana professional

LINKERS also ........................ también, además too ......................... también HEALTH PROBLEMS AND FIRST AID broken arm ............... cold ................... cough ..................... cut ......................... earache ................... headache ................. insect bite ................ sick ........................ necesidad de vomitar) sore throat ............... stomach ache............. temperature ..............

brazo roto resfriado tos corte dolor de oído dolor de cabeza picadura de insecto enfermo, enferma (con

OTHER EXPRESSIONS make a difference ....... developing countries .... sentence stress........... in my opinion............. I think ..................... I imagine .................. I would prefer ............

hacer algo importante países en desarrollo acento en oración en mi opinión yo creo me imagino yo preferiría

dolor de garganta dolor de estómago fiebre

VERBS design ..................... install ...................... perform.................... play ........................ queue ...................... repair ...................... work........................

diseñar instalar actuar practicar hacer cola reparar trabajar

24

Interface 2 Vocabulary

UNIT 7: AMBITIONS MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS acoustic guitar .................. guitarra acústica drums ............................. batería electric guitar ................... guitarra eléctrica flute............................... flauta harmonica........................ armónica keyboard ......................... teclado percussion........................ percusión piano .............................. piano saxophone........................ saxofón trumpet........................... trompeta violin .............................. violin

LIFE EVENTS Anniversary..............aniversario birth............................... nacimiento christening ....................... bautizo death.............................. muerte divorce............................ divorcio engagement...................... compromiso first communion................. primera comunión funeral............................ entierro, funeral retirement ....................... jubilación wedding .......................... boda OTHER VOCABULARY adverbs nearly ............................. casi probably .......................... probablemente regularly.......................... con regularidad soon ............................... pronto until ............................... hasta verbs be born ........................... nacer compete .......................... competir fail................................. suspender pass ................................aprobar get a job.......................... conseguir trabajo get married ...................... casarse get divorced ..................... divorciarse go to university.................. ir a la universidad have children .................... tener niños, hijos learn to drive .................... aprender a conducir leave home ...................... irse de casa de los padres leave school ..................... terminar secundaria live to............................. llegar a (vivir hasta) start school ...................... empezar el colegio

train to be ....................... formarse para ser ADJECTIVES average............................medio, promedio both................................ambos, los dos real................................ auténtico, de verdad second-hand ..................... de segunda mano similar to......................... parecido a successful ........................ de éxito, exitoso teenage .......................... adolescente nouns aerobics .......................... aerobic ambition ......................... ambición band .............................. grupo choir .............................. coro computer graphics.............. gráficas por ordenador contest ........................... concurso demographics ................... estadística de población economics........................ economía folk music ........................ música tradicional Gospel music .................... música gospel hymn.............................. himno mathematics .................... matemáticas orchestra......................... orquesta physics............................ física politics. .......................... política pop. ............................... música pop scientist .......................... científico statistics ......................... estadística vet ................................ veterinario vocalist ........................... cantante OTHER EXPRESSIONS a few.............................. algunos at least ........................... por lo menos how long ......................... cuánto tiempo most .............................. la mayoría de no problem ...................... no hay problema per cent .......................... por ciento the same as...................... igual what kind of ..................... qué tipo de

25

Interface 2 Vocabulary

UNIT 8: THE WORLD WE LIVE IN MATERIALS AND CONTAINERS aluminium........................ aluminio bag ................................ bolsa bottle ............................. botella box ................................ caja can ................................ lata cardboard ........................ cartón carton............................. brick cotton............................. algodón glass............................... cristal jar ................................. tarro metal ............................. metal paper.............................. papel plastic ............................ plástico wool ............................... lana ENDANGERED ANIMALS dolphin ........................... delfin elephant.......................... elefante leopard ........................... leopardo orangutan ........................ orangutan panda ............................. oso panda polar bear ........................ oso polar rhinoceros........................ rinoceronte snake.............................. serpiente tiger ............................... tigre turtle.............................. tortuga OTHER VOCABULARY adverbs before............................. antes ever ............................... alguna vez fast ................................ rápido finally ............................. por último firstly ............................. en primer lugar really.............................. de verdad sometimes........................ algunas veces soon ............................... pronto then ............................... luego (not) yet .......................... todavía (no) verbs hunt ............................... cazar rebuild ............................ reconstruir recycle............................ reciclar reduce ............................ reducir refuse ............................. negarse/ rehusar resend ............................ reenviar

African ............................africano Indian .............................hindú homeless..........................sin hogar land................................terrestre marine ............................marino inusual ............................insólito, raro nouns cliff ................................acantilado coast ..............................costa bin lorry ………………………………… camión de la basura desert .............................desierto forest..............................bosque habitat ............................habitat hill .................................colina ice .................................hielo ivory ...............................marfil land................................tierra litter ...............................basura del suelo mammal ..........................mamífero mountain range..................cordillera neighbourhood...................barrio pet .................................mascota pond ...............................laguna rainforest .........................selva tropical recycling bin .....................contenedor de reciclaje rubbish ............................basura savannah..........................sabana stream ............................arroyo territory ..........................territorio tusk ................................colmillo valley..............................valle waterfall..........................catarata OTHER EXPRESSIONS a few...............................algunos at least............................por lo menos how long ..........................cuánto tiempo in danger of extinction .........en peligro de extinción most ...............................la mayoría de no problem .......................no hay problema per cent...........................por ciento the same as ......................igual que what kind of......................qué tipo de

restart ............................ reiniciar reuse .............................. reutilizar rewrite............................ reescribir save ............................... salvar survive ............................ sobrevivir adjectives Asian .............................. asiático

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Interface 2 Vocabulary

UNIT 9: FUN AND GAMES PLAYING GAMES action ..................... acción brain game ............... juego de agilidad mental beat ....................... vencer a un oponente cheat...................... hacer trampas chess ...................... ajedrez computer games ........ juegos de ordenador count...................... contar give up.................... rendirse guess ...................... adivinar, suponer land ....................... caer (en una casilla) life simulation ........... que imita la vida real lose........................ perder miss a turn ............... perder un turno move a counter ......... mover ficha noughts and crosses .... tres en raya platform .................. plataforma playing cards ............ jugar a las cartas role-play.................. juego de rol roll a dice ................ tirar un dado

PLACES TO VISIT aquarium ......................... acuario art gallery ........................ galería de arte campsite.......................... camping castle ............................. castillo cathedral ......................... catedral fishing port....................... puerto de pesca market ............................ mercado monument........................ monumento safari park........................ parque zoológico donde los animales están en libertad statue ............................. estatua town square...................... plaza water park ....................... parque acuático

OTHER VOCABULARY adverbs at the moment .................. en este momento at weekends ..................... los fines de semana last ................................ por última vez later............................... más tarde never.............................. nunca professionally.................... profesionalmente right now ......................... ahora mismo tonight ............................ esta noche verbs come true ........................ hacerse realidad earn ............................... ganar (un sueldo)

send. ..............................enviar solve...............................resolver take part..........................participar win.................................ganar (un premio) adjectives addicted ..........................adicto boring .............................aburrido busy ...............................ajetreado fair.................................justo favourite..........................preferido fun .................................divertido honest.............................honrado peaceful ..........................tranquilo racing .............................de carreras sandy ..............................arenoso wild................................salvaje worried ...........................preocupado nouns board ..............................tablero century............................siglo console............................consola counter ...........................ficha laptop .............................ordenador portatil player .............................jugador rules ...............................reglas seaside ............................costa strategy ...........................estrategia surfer..............................surfista tournament.......................torneo tower..............................torre toy shop...........................juguetería war ................................guerra winner.............................ganador

OTHER EXPRESSIONS at the beginning .................al principio how often.........................con qué frecuencia I don't feel like ..................no tengo ganas I don't fancy ......................no me apetece I'd rather..........................preferiría in fact .............................en realidad on holiday ........................de vacaciones there was once ..................había una vez while ..............................mientras

27

ES

IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Academic Year 201.../ 201... Name:

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 1 "FILM AND TV" Discussion Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19.

What's your favourite type of film? Why? Do you like animated films? What do you think of romantic comedies? Do you enjoy war films? What/ how about science-fiction films? Do you watch a lot of films? Where do you watch films: at home or at the cinema? Why? Is there a good cinema/ cinema complex near you? When do you go to the cinema? Who do you go to the cinema with? Do you eat/drink at the cinema? What do you eat/drink at the cinema? Imagine you are at a cinema: ask for two tickets. Act out a conversation. Does (your father/ mother/ sister/ brother) like watching films? What's on at the local cinema this week? What's your favourite TV programme? How often do you watch it? How many hours a day do you watch TV? Do you watch films on your computer?

Model Answers 1. I like/ really like horror films because they are great fun. 2. Yes, I do. No, I don't. 3. I like/ don't mind/ can't stand romantic comedies. 4. Yes, I do. No, I don't. 5. I don't like them. They are awful/ boring 6. I don't usually watch films on weekdays but I often watch one or two at weekends. 7. Yes, there is/ No, there isn't. 8. I usually watch films at ... because it's cheaper/ because the screen is bigger. 9. I go to the cinema once a month. 10. I always go to the cinema with my friends/ I ofen go to the cinema with my parents/ 11. Yes, I do./ No, I don't. I prefer not to eat anything. 12. I like eating popcorn/ sweets/ a snack/ an ice-cream. 13. Can I have two tickects for ... (film's name), please? 14. Yes, he/she does. No, he/ she doesn't. 15. (film's title).. is on. 16. My favourite TV programme is ....... 17. I watch it every day/ once a week. 18. I watch it three/ four hours a day. 19. Never/ sometimes/ hardly ever/ often/ every night

Useful vocabulary Let's see ............... Good idea. OK. Great. Characters/ actors/ director What about you? TV programmes: cartoon, chat show, comedy programme, documentary, drama, game show, reality show, soap opera, sports programme, the news. Film types: action, adventure, animated, comedy, fantasy, horror, musical, romantic comedy, science-fiction, thriller, war, western.

Useful verbs watch love/ enjoy dislike/ hate be on don't mind prefer ..... to ....... to be fan of choose be nice/ interesting/ boring/ exciting/ funny/ fantastic

Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... In my opinion, ... If you ask me, ...

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... I don't know...

28

ES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Academic Year 201.../ 201... Name:

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 2 "ADVENTURE" Discussion Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19.

Have you got any survival skills? Do you like camping/ chopping wood/ sleeping outdoors? What do you think of hiking in the mountains? Do you enjoy adventure/ spending time in nature? What/ how about spending a few days/ a weekend in the wild? Can you prepare food? What are you doing next weekend/ summer? Are you going on the school camping weekend? Where shall we meet? What time? What are your plans for the weekend? What can you eat/drink at the country-side? How often do you go camping? What can we do next weekend? Does (your father/ mother/ sister/ brother) like going camping? Do you ever climb trees? Why? How do you feel before a day out? How do you feel after a day out? Are you free on Sunday?

Model Answers 1. Yes, I can fish and climb trees. 2. Yes, I do /No, I hate it. 3. I think it's exciting/ boring. 4. Yes, I do./ No, I don't. 5. Perfect! I'd love to./ Sorry, I can't. 6. Yes, I can/ No, I can't 7. I'm camping with my family/ my friends. 8. Yes, I am./ No, I'm not. 9. Let's meet at the school entrance. 10. At half past seven. 11. I'm going fishing/ camping/ climbing mountains.... 12. I can eat a sadwhich or I can find food in the nature. 13.Never/ hardly ever/ once a month/ twice a year... 14. Let's go camping in the mountains. 15. Yes, he/ she does./ No, he/she doesn't. He/ she prefers sleeping at a hotel. 16. Yes, I love it./ No, I hate it because I always feel scared. 17. I feel excited and a bit nervous. 18. Really tired./ I often feel very hungry! 19. Yes, Sunday is fine.

Useful vocabulary Let's buy .../ Let's go to ............... Good idea./ OK./ Great. /All right. /Sounds good. Pleased/ excited/ happy/ worried/ angry/ bored/ nervous What about you? Survival skills: build a fire/ a shelter, camp, chop, climb, cook, find, look for, hike, sleep, swim, sail, fish. Places: mountains, lake, beach, the wild, camping site. Equipment: sleeping bag, tent, lantern, rucksack, bait, torch, waterproof clothing, swimming wear, rod, hook, camera. Don't forget your torch!

Useful verbs survive love/ enjoy dislike/ hate to have a good/ wonderful time don't mind prefer fishing to cooking. join a group make friends carry equipment take photos be an adventurer/ a group leader

Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... In my opinion, ... If you ask me, ...

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... I don't know...

29

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IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Academic Year 201.../ 201... Name:

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 3 "AT THE LIBRARY" Discussion Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

Can I help you? What type of information do you need/ are you looking for? There are some good/ great/ interesting books in the History/ Fiction Section. Where are the computers? Do I need a password? Do I have to pay to use the computers? What time does the library close? Can I help you? How long can I keep it/ them? How often do you go to the library? Can you eat/drink at the library? What do you do at the library? Is there a good library in your town/ school? Which journey do you want to do? What did Columbus discover? When did he discover America? Did you watch the news last night? When did the earthquake happen?

Model Answers 1. Yes, please. I'm looking for information about/ on .... 2. I'd like to find some information on/ about .... 3. Thank you./ Thanks for your help./ That's great/ very useful. 4. Over there. /On the first/ second floor./ Near the door./ On that wall. 5. No, you don't. 6. No, they are free. 7. At half past seven/ eight o'clock. /In twenty minutes. 8. Yes, please. I'd like to borrow this book/ these books. 9. For two weeks. 10. I go to the library once/twice a month/ a week. 11. No, I can't. 12. I borrow books/ study ... 13. Oh, yes! My local/ school library is really good. 14. I want to travel to France. 15. He discovered America. 16. In 1492. 17. Yes, and I heard about the earthquake. 18. Yesterday morning.

Useful verbs love/ enjoy/ dislike/ hate Let's see ... choose Let me see... borrow OK. Great. Sections at the library: Travel/ Bestsellers/ Cookery/ Art/ find/ look for Poetry/ Geography/ Drama/ Foreign Languages/ Dictionaries/ need Children's/ Geology/ Philosophy/ Classics Section. read the newspaper There is/ are ... use the computer On the left/ right. In front of the window. discovered On the top/ bottom shelf. happened heard about Useful vocabulary

Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... In my opinion, ... If you ask me, ...

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... I don't know...

30

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IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Academic Year 201.../ 201... Name:

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 4 "LAST WEEKEND/ LEGENDS" Discussion Questions 1. How was your weekend? 2. Did you enjoy it? 3. Did you go anywhere interesting? 4. How did you get there? 5. What did you do there? 6. Did you do anything interesting? 7. Where did you have lunch? 8. Did you stay overnight? 9. Where did you stay? 10. When did you come back? 11. What time did you get home?

Model Answers 1. It was great/ awful. 2. Yes, I had a good/ brilliant/ great/ terrible time. 3. Yes, we went to .......... 4. I went by bus/ plane/ car/ on foot. 5. I visited a museum. 6. Yes, I saw an old Roman coin./ Not really! 7. At a restaurant/ café/ pub. 8. Yes, we did./ No, we didn't. 9. In a hotel. 10. On Sunday afternoon. 11.At half past four. /Just on time for dinner.

12. What was King Artur like? 13. What happened while he was fighting in the war? 13. What famous legends have you got in your country?

12. He was very brave. 13. His brother ruled the country. 14. We have the legend of the In Love Couple.

Useful vocabulary Let's see ... Wow! Great. It was great fun/ boring/ exciting. Places to go: to the mountains, the beach, a swimming-pool, a

Useful verbs loved/ enjoyed/ disliked/ hated travelled/ didn't travel spent/ didn't spend have a good/ bad/ great/ awful/ fantastic/ terrible time have lunch, dinner, coffee/ tea/ an ice-cream

theme park, another town/ village, another country, the countryside, a disco...

There was/ were ... Activities: go shopping/ skiing/ swimming/ fishing/ sightseeing; go to dance/ to play football/ basketball/ paddle/ tennis; go to visit relatives/ a museum/ a castle/ a cathedral; go to the cinema/ the park; meet people. Character adjectives: cheerful, funny, lazy, selfish, shy, stubborn/ friendly, loyal, cruel, kind, wise.

Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... In my opinion, ... If you ask me, ...

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... I don't know...

31

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IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Academic Year 201.../ 201... Name:

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 5 "GOING SHOPPING/ POSSESSIONS" 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

Discussion Questions Excuse me, how much is the necklace? Can I try it/ them on? How much are the earrings? What about the shirts? How much do they cost? Do you like it/ them? Are they your size? How often do you go shopping? Do you enjoy going shopping? Where do you buy your clothes? Do you go shopping with your parents or with your friends? How much pocket money do you get? What do you spend your pockect money on? Do you buy your own clothes with this money? Have you got a part-time job? Is your mobile phone more expensive than your friend's mobile? What's your favourite possession? Why?

Model Answers 1. It's £.../ .....€. 2. Yes, of course! 3. They are £.../ .....€. 4. They are £.../ .....€ each or two for £.../ .....€. 5. It's/ They are lovely/ nice. I'll take it/ them, please. 6. Yes/ No, they are too small/ big for me. 7. Once a week/ twice a month/ three times a year. 8. Yes, I do. It's fun/ No, I don't. It's boring. 9. At a shopping centre/ local shops/ in Málaga. 10. I prefer to go with my friends/ my parents. 11. I get 10€ a week/ 30€ a month. 12. I buy CDs/ books/ cinema tickets. 13. Yes, I do/ No, I don't. 14. Yes, I walk my neighbour's dogs/ look after my sister./ No, my mother says I'm too young for it. 15. Yes, it is/ No, it isn't. 16. My favourite possession is my laptop because I can play games and chat with my friends. I use it a lot.

Useful vocabulary Let me see ... Wow!/ Great. It is more expensive than/ less expensive than/ as expensive as. Places to go: shopping centre/ local shops/ clothes shop/ sports

Useful verbs love/ enjoy/ dislike/ hate buying things spend money on something have a good/ bad/ great/ awful/ fantastic/ terrible time try on

shop/ music shop.

walk a dog/ look after someone/ help at home/ deliver newpapers/ work in a shop

There is/ are ... Here's a mirrow. Here's ten pounds/ ten euros. Thanks. Here is your change. Items to buy: T-shirt/ trainers/ skirt/ boots/ sweatshirt/ belt/ necklace/ CDs/ books / sports bag... Sizes: small/ medium/ large/ extra-large. Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... In my opinion, ... If you ask me, ...

save money sell/ buy/ swap things lend/ borrow/ earn/ win/ lose money pay for something

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... I don't know...

32

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IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Academic Year 201.../ 201... Name:

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 6 "TALKING ABOUT JOBS/ HEALTH PROBLEMS" Discussion Questions

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Model Answers 1. I think it must be boring/ exciting./ In my opinion it's What do you think about working as a fireman? too dangerous. 2. They wait at the fire station a lot. I would prefer to be a Why do you think it's boring? police officer/ pilot. What do you think of mechanics? 3. Mechanics always seem to be busy. Do you want to be a doctor? 4. Yes, I want to be a doctor. / Perhaps being a doctor is Why do you want to be a doctor? very difficult. Would you prefer to be a nurse or a doctor? 5. Because they help people./ Because I like helping Do you think police officers are brave? people. Where would you like to work? 6. I'd rather be a nurse. What does your father/ mother do? 7. Yes, they are very brave. Are you going to be/ become a singer? Why? 8. I'd like to work in a factory. What do we call someone who performs in films 9. He's/ She's an engineer./ He/ She works as an engineer. and plays? 10. Oh, No, I'm not. / Yes, I hope so! Because I want/ How are you feeling today? don't want to be famous. / Because I want to earn a lot of You look sick.What's the matter with you? money/ to be on TV/ to be successful. What should I do if I have a sore throat? 11. An actor. 12. Not very well, I've got a terrible headache. 13. I've got a stomachache because I ate too much chocolate last night. / I feel tired because I went to bed too late yesterday. 14. You should have a sweet.

Useful verbs love/ enjoy/ dislike/ hate spend time working/ sitting/ walking have a good/ bad/ great/ awful/ fantastic/ terrible time imagine seem to be useful/ to spend long hours/ to be always busy earn money be famous/ rich/ helpful nurse, police officer, sportperson, surgeon, teacher, vet, waiter, work as a teacher/ be a teacher/ work for an important singer/ actor. company Places of work: department store, factory, garage, school, leisure centre, office, hospital, police station, garage, hair- You should drink water/ lie down/ take an aspirine/ put on dresser's, surgery, restaurant, theatre. a plaster/ rest/ use a special cream/ stay at home/ go to Health problems: headache, a cold, an insect bite, a sore the doctor. Useful vocabulary Wow!/ Great!/ Really? It is great fun/ boring/ interesting/exciting. I agree./ I don't agree. It must be nice to be a doctor. It's too dangerous/ boring for me! I'd prefer to be a teacher. Jobs: actor, architect, electrician, engineer, lifeguard, mechanic,

throat, a broken arm, a cut, en earache, cough, temperature.

Poor you! I hope you get well soon! Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... In my opinion, ... If you ask me, ...

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... I don't know...

33

ES

IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Academic Year 201.../ 201... Name:

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 7 "IN A MUSIC SHOP/ LIFE EVENTS" 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

Discussion Questions I want to buy a guitar. Which one should I buy? How much money have you got? What do you think of these two?/ What about this one here? What kind of music would you like to play? What should I do? Why? Can you play a musical instrument? Do you want to be in a band? How often should you practise? What's your favourite band? Do you like going to concerts? How often do you go to concerts? When were you born? What do you want to do in the future? When will you leave home/ start university? How many children will you have?

Useful vocabulary No problem! Great/ Good idea! I'll do that. It is great fun/ boring/ interesting/cool. I agree./ I don't agree. Instruments: acoustic guitar, drums, electric guitar, flute, keyboard, percussion, piano, saxophone, trumpet, violin.

It must be exciting to join a band. It's too stressful/ demanding for me! I'd prefer to buy a second-hand one/ a new one. Thanks a lot/ so much. Not very often/ quite often/ once a month. Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... In my opinion, ... If you ask me, ...

Model Answers 1. I think you should buy that one/ a second hand one. 2. I've got £200/ 200€. 3. They both look fine./ It looks great. 4. Pop/ rock/ classical/ dance/ jazz/ all kind of music. 5. I think you should get an electric guitar. 6. Because they are more expensive but you can join a band. 7. Yes, I play the drums. 8. I'd love to./ Not really. 9. It's important to practise every day. 10. It's ............ 11. I love it. I go to concerts if I have enough money. 12. Not very often because there aren't any concert halls in Antequera/ I go to concerts if my parents take me to Málaga/ give me the money. 13. In 1999. 14. I want to train to be a nurse. 15. When I am 18. 16. I think I'll have two children/ one child. Useful verbs love/ enjoy/ dislike/ hate spend time practising/ training have a good/ bad/ great/ awful/ fantastic/ terrible time seem to be/ to spend earn money/ be on TV/ become a celebrity practise learn to play will get married/ leave school/ be a scientist/ get a job/ work as a dentist/ live in another country want to study at university/ buy a house/ travel to India/ learn to drive

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... I don't know...

34

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IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Academic Year 201.../ 201... Name:

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 8 "ASKING FOR AND GIVING DIRECTIONS/ RECYCLING" 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

Discussion Questions Excuse me, how do we get to the music shop? Do you know where that is? Is it far? How far is it? Where about is it? Which bus is for the university? How many stops for The Royal Albert Hall? How often does it come? Can I help you? Have you got a map? Can I see your map? What do you recycle? What do you do with old clothes/ plastic bags? What bin is for plastic/ paper/ glass bottles? Why are dolphins in danger of extinction? Have you seen a rhino?

Useful vocabulary Let me show you on the map. No problem! Great/ Good idea! I'll do that. Thank you/ Thanks very much. You are welcome! You can't miss it! Enjoy your visit! Go straight on past the roundabout / Follow the street past two bookshops. Useful landmarks: library, park, traffic lights, bus stop, square, roundabout, bridge, building, church, bank, shop,post office, theatre, cinema, shopping centre. Prepositions:Behind, in front of, next to, opposite.

On your right/ left. In front of you. You are here. Rubbish/ packaging Endangered animals: elephant, leopard, orangutan, panda, rhinoceros, tiger, turtle.

Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... In my opinion, ... If you ask me, ...

Model Answers 1. It's next to the post office. 2. No, I don't/ Yes, I do. 3. No, not at all. You can walk from here./ A little bit. You need to take a bus. 4. It's about five minutes walk/ on foot/ away by bike/ by bus. 5. It's in the town centre. 6. It's the 23. 7. Three. 8. Every 10 minutes/ 15 minutes. 9. Yes, please. 10. Yes, we have. 11. Certainly./ Of course. Here you are. 12. I recycle plastic bags/ cartons/ paper/ cardboard. 13. I take them to charity shops or give them to my cousin. 14. The blue one is for paper and cardboard, the yellow one is for cans and plastic bags and the green one is for glass. 15. Because thousands of them die in fishing nets every year. 16. Yes, I have. / No, I haven't. Useful verbs spend time waiting for the bus/ on the bus. turn right/ left at the corner/ into Cross Street you will see cross there is/are walk take a bus get on the bus/ get off the bus at Cross Street. Reuse/ refuse/ recycle/ reduce save the planet have a good/ bad effect on the environment be in danger of extinction hunt/ save/ adopt/ survive lose/ destroy their natural homes/ habitats its/ their home is disappearing there are only 3,200 of them in the world Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... I don't know...

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IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Academic Year 201.../ 201... Name:

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 9 "EXPRESSING PREFERENCES/ PLAYING GAMES" Discussion Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

What shall we do today/ tomorrow? What would you rather do? And what shall we do in the afternoon? How about going to the disco? What do you feel like doing today?

6. Do you like board games? 7. What's your favourite board game? 8. Does your family ever sit together and play games? 9. Have you beaten your opponent many times? 10. Is it a difficult game to play? 11. How many players do you need to play chess? 12. Do you play games on line? 13. Can you play chess? 14. Have you entered a competition? 15. How do you play Monopoly? Describe the rules.

Useful vocabulary Places to visit: aquarium, art gallery, campsite, castle, cathedral, fishing port, market, monument, safari park, statue, town centre, water park, island. I prefer beaches to water parks. Beaches are very popular with children. Let's go to.../ play a game/ visit a friend/ a museum. You need a dice/ 4 counters/ cards/ a board/ two players. To start the game, you need to roll the dice and get a six. I don't know the answer. The player with most white pieces is first/ the winner. It's my/ your turn! Nobody is eliminated. Strategy/ competition. At the beginning/ end. Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: Actually, ... As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... In my opinion, ... If you ask me, ...

Model Answers 1. We could try the swimming-pool. 2. I'd rather/ prefer to visit the museum. I haven't been there before. 3. Let's go and see a film. 4. Good idea. It will be fun./ To be honest, I don't really fancy that. 5. What about having dinner at McDonalds? 6. Not much/ Yes, I love them. 7.My favourite is Trivial. 8. Not very often/ Sometimes/ Never. 9. Only some times/ Yes, I often win the game. 10. No, it's very easy/ simple. 11. You need only two. 12. Yes, I'm quite into it/ I often do it/ Never. 13.Yes, I can/ No, I've never done it. 14. I entered a competition last year./ No, I haven't. I'm not very good at it. 15. This is game for 2 to 4 people. Each player has a counter and a dice. They move the counters around the board and buy buildings. The winner is the player who gets most possessions and money. Useful verbs like/ enjoy/ hate going/ playing play computer games/ play chess beat an opponent/ win a game/ lose/ give up compete against cheat guess count/ move a counter roll the dice take all the pieces off the board miss a turn land have fun/ a good time/ a wonderful time

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... I don't know...

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