This workbook belongs to - IES Pedro Espinosa

Loading...

8:30-9:30 9:30-10:30 10:30:11:30

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

11:30-12:00 12:00-13:00 13:00-14:00 14:00-15:00

This workbook belongs to ______________________________________ from class ________

Presentación Tu “Workbook” ha sido preparado por tus profesores para ayudarte a superar la asignatura de inglés con éxito. Revísalo con frecuencia, tráelo siempre a clase, lee los consejos que aparecen en él ¡cuídalo! y no olvides que hay que trabajar desde el primer día. Contiene las siguientes secciones: Guía para el alumno ............................................................................. 1 Consejos para mejorar tu inglés ............................................................... 3 ¿Cómo aprender vocabulario? .................................................................. 4 Classroom language ............................................................................. 5 Números ........................................................................................... 8 Verbos irregulares ................................................................................ 10 Reglas de ortografía ............................................................................. 13 Cómo hacer una buena presentación ......................................................... 14 Diario de lectura ................................................................................. 15 Fichas para las lecturas ........................................................................ 19 Vocabulario por unidades ....................................................................... 20 Fichas para mejorar la destreza oral ......................................................... 31 Explicaciones gramaticales y ejercicios ...................................................... 40 Mi Portfolio ........................................................................................ 58

¡Buen curso 2015-16!

The English Department IES Pedro Espinosa

IES PEDRO ESPINOSA DEPARTAMENTO DE INGLÉS

HOJA INFORMATIVA PARA EL ALUMNADO 3º ESO CURSO 2015-2016

I. SISTEMA DE EVALUACIÓN Se realizarán 2 exámenes trimestrales, para los que se establecerá hora y día, y todos los controles de vocabulario, verbos, frases… oportunos. No olvides que la EVALUACIÓN ES CONTINUA, lo que implica que cada examen engloba todo lo estudiado desde el comienzo de curso hasta el momento del examen y cada examen sirve de recuperación del anterior. Puesto que la nota de exámenes es sólo el 70% de la calificación trimestral, ningún alumno podrá aprobar la asignatura SÓLO Y EXCLUSIVAMENTE CON EL ÚLTIMO EXAMEN. ¡Hay que trabajar desde el primer día! Los exámenes constarán de las siguientes partes: → Gramática y Vocabulario (Use of English) 40% → Comprensión del texto (Reading) 20% → Comprensión auditiva (Listening) 10% → Redacción (Writing) 20% → Expresión oral (Speaking) 10% Recuerda que los EXÁMENES REPRESENTAN UN 70% DE TU NOTA FINAL Y EL 30% RESTANTE SE BASARÁ EN TU TRABAJO DE CLASE Y EN TU CUADERNO Y EN LA REALIZACIÓN DE TAREAS, PROYECTOS, LECTURAS Y REDACCIONES tal y como se muestra en la siguiente tabla: Nivel 1º, 2º, 3º y 4º ESO. 100% repartido entre: Exámenes: 70%

Trabajo del alumno: 30 %

Exámenes de unidades

Tests

Trabajo en clase/casa Participación

Proyectos y Redacciones

Biblioteca de aula

50.00%

20.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

Por tanto, para aprobar la asignatura será necesario: → Realizar Tarea en casa. Se revisará diariamente. → Participar en clase y en las actividades propuestas por el departamento. → Trabajar proyectos. → Aprovechar el tiempo dedicado a la lectura y llevar al día el diario de lectura. → Tener el cuaderno completo, limpio, ordenado y corregido. → Mostrar interés por la asignatura. → Realizar exámenes orales y escritos. El alumnado que no supere el curso en la convocatoria de junio, deberá presentarse a la convocatoria de septiembre. El examen de septiembre incluirá todas las destrezas trabajadas durante el curso. II. RECUPERACIÓN DE CURSOS ANTERIORES Para recuperar los cursos anteriores el alumnado deberá presentarse a un examen trimestral en las siguientes fechas y de las siguientes unidades: → 1ª evaluación: temas 1, 2 – jueves 19 noviembre 17.00 → 2ª evaluación: temas 3, 4 – jueves 18 febrero 17.00 → 3ª evaluación: temas 5, 6 – jueves 26 mayo 17.00 Recuerda que para repasar tienes tu cuaderno del alumno realizado por el Departamento. Si lo has perdido, podrás descargarlo de la página web del centro: http://bit.ly/1XLqoLU (iespedroespinosa.es » departamentos » inglés » cuadernillos). Si tienes dudas, recuerda preguntar a tus profesores; te ayudarán. *El profesorado indicará el lugar de realización de la prueba. III. MATERIAL Obligatorio → Interface ESO3, Student’s Book. Editorial Macmillan (Lo recibirás en el Centro)

Recomendado → Cuadernillo del Alumno realizado por el Departamento (fotocopiadora del Centro, página web del centro en formato *pdf: : http://bit.ly/1XLqoLU (iespedroespinosa.es » departamentos » inglés » cuadernillos). → Diccionario de bolsillo. Debe traerse a clase TODOS LOS DÍAS. Editoriales recomendadas: Collins Gem, Oxford, Larousse, Longman. → Cuaderno a elección del alumno. Deberá estar perfectamente ordenado y presentable con nombre, apellidos y curso en la portada. → Fundas folio para guardar las fotocopias que se entreguen o que se recomienden para su compra. Si el tamaño lo permite, deben pegarse en el cuaderno. IV. INSTRUCCIONES → NO SE PUEDE ESCRIBIR en el Student’s Book porque NO es nuestro. → Cuando el/la profesor/a llega, todos/as tenemos preparado nuestro material y estamos listos/as para empezar la clase. V. RECURSOS ONLINE → http://englishyesplease.blogspot.com → www.wordreference.com (diccionario) → www.languageguide.org/english/ (vocabulario) → http://www.ego4u.com/ (gramática, vocabulario, expresión escrita) → http://mbonillo.xavierre.com/httpdocs/grammar/2eso.html (gramática, listening) VI. ¿PARA QUÉ ME SIRVE EL INGLÉS? → Para APROBAR esta asignatura y así ir por buen camino para obtener mi graduado. → Para navegar por internet. → Para escuchar y entender las canciones o a los deportistas que me gustan.

→ Para seguir tus series de televisión favoritas. → Para conseguir un trabajo. → Para ligar, viajar…

VII. ¿QUÉ MÉTODOS PUEDO USAR PARA APRENDER INGLÉS? → Aprovechar al máximo las clases en el instituto: → prestando atención, participando. → Clases de conversación con un hablante nativo. → → Charlas con turistas. → → Práctica con compañeros fuera de clase. → → Audición de podcasts.

Lectura de periódicos, revistas y libros (adaptados u originales). Uso de Internet y DVDs. Concentración en la práctica oral. Concentración en los ejercicios de gramática.

VIII. SI YO FUERA ALUMNO/A → No faltaría a clase a no ser por extrema necesidad y, en caso de faltar, comunicaría al profesor el motivo de la falta y además me informaría de lo que se ha tratado en clase el día en que yo he faltado y recuperaría los apuntes. Recuerda que debes enseñar el justificante de tus faltas. → Por lo menos una vez por semana dedicaría un tiempo a estudiar la materia de esa semana. → Participaría en clase: o me dirigiría al profesor con respeto. o corrigiendo la tarea. o iría completando mi cuaderno poco a o preguntando lo que no entendiera. poco y este estaría limpio y claro. o hablando en inglés. o respetando el trabajo de los demás. o controlaría mis ganas de broma y de juego en clase. o participando en los diálogos y teatrillos. → Estudiaría el vocabulario y los verbos a diario y NO la noche antes del examen. → Prepararía los exámenes intentando comprender todo, practicando con ejercicios, repasando el vocabulario…

Me doy por enterado de qué tengo que hacer para aprobar la asignatura de inglés, de los criterios de evaluación, de los materiales necesarios, de mis obligaciones… y mi firma y la de mis padres da fe de ello. FIRMA ALUMNO/A (3º ESO grupo:____)

FIRMA PADRES

Fdo.________________________________ Fdo.________________________________ SEPTIEMBRE, 2015

→ Descarga en tu MP3 o smartphone los listenings recomendados, audiolibros o cualquier cosa que te guste. ¡Aprovecha cualquier momento! No importa que al principio no entiendas. ¡ESCUCHA, ESCUCHA, ESCUCHA!

3

¿Sabes por qué es difícil aprender palabras en inglés? 1) Para un hispanohablante, la gran mayoría de las palabras en inglés son sonidos ininteligibles que no significan absolutamente nada. Si la palabra nueva te resulta familiar solo se puede deber a dos motivos: es una palabra de origen latino o la has escuchado en los medios de comunicación. Recuerda: Dado que el inglés es un idioma de origen germánico, muy alejado del español, no se asimila un nuevo sonido hasta que no se repite unas diez, a veinte veces, hablando. Algunas palabras incluso tienen que llegar a repetirse unas cien veces para que se queden grabadas en la memoria. 2) Hay, al menos, dos tipos de vocabularios. El vocabulario del inglés hablado y el del inglés escrito. Esto quiere decir que hay palabras que lees pero que no se suelen usar en inglés hablado y palabras que escuchas pero que no se suelen escribir. Las palabras de inglés hablado son las más difíciles de aprender porque una gran mayoría no son de origen latino; son "phrasal verbs", o palabras de origen germánico. Recuerda: Es mejor empezar aprendiendo el vocabulario del inglés hablado ya que será el que más vas a necesitar en el día a día. 3) El número de palabras que hay que aprender para hablar con cierta fluidez ronda las tres mil. Aprender tres mil palabras es difícil y toma tiempo, por tanto, necesitaremos determinación a prueba de fuego. Recuerda: Para incrementar tu vocabulario, determinación a prueba de fuego; esto significa planificación y constancia. 4) Por cada palabra, hay que aprender "pronunciación" y "deletreo" (spelling). Si no sabes escribir una palabra, no importa demasiado porque siempre puedes buscarla en un diccionario, pero si no sabes pronunciarla realmente no sabes esa palabra. Recuerda: Solo puedes decir que sabes una palabra si puedes pronunciarla y colocarla correctamente en una frase. Consejo: Búscate ahora mismo alguien para hablar. ¿Cómo superaremos todas estas barreras? Sólo hay una manera: con mucha determinación y un buen método. Suponiendo que ya tenemos la determinación, veamos los métodos. Una de las mejores maneras de aprender vocabulario es viendo películas en inglés con subtítulos. Ves la imagen, escuchas cómo suena y ves cómo se escribe. Ni que decir tiene que otra fantástica manera de aprender vocabulario es cantando. Otra buena fórmula es hablando. Cuando no sabes cómo decir algo, la necesidad de comunicarte te lleva a buscar las palabras que necesitas para expresarte. Así que piensa durante el día frases en español y piensa cómo las dirías en inglés. Si tienes dudas pregunta a un profesor. Otra forma eficaz de incrementar tu vocabulario es leyendo. La gran ventaja de la lectura es que aprendes las nuevas palabras en un contexto determinado. La desventaja es que no sabes cómo suena la palabra. Por ello, la lectura debe combinarse siempre con prácticas de conversación. También son buenos los audio-books para leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo. Por último, se aprende vocabulario estudiando y echando mano de todos los recursos que tenemos a mano: diccionarios, internet,trucos para memorizar, juegos, crucigramas (crosswords), el ahorcado (hangman), leyendo las noticias en inglés, etc ¿Cómo recordar vocabulario nuevo? 1. Traduciendo la palabra a tu idioma. Por ejemplo: coche – car (inglés). 2. Describiéndola en español. Por ejemplo: vehículo con motor y de cuatro ruedas para transportar personas. 3. Haciendo un dibujo. 4. Poniéndola en contexto. Por ejemplo: Mi coche se ha estropeado y tengo que llevarlo al taller. 5. Colocándola dentro de un grupo léxico. Por ejemplo: coche, camión, moto, etc. (Fuente: http://elblogdelingles.blogspot.com.es/)

4

CLASSROOM LANGUAGE Cosas que podrías decir a tu profesor/a Lo siento, no lo entiendo ¿Perdón? ¿Qué quiere decir “chair”? ¿Cómo se dice “X” en inglés? ¿Cómo se deletrea eso? ¿Es esto correcto? ¿Cuál es el pasado de “go”? ¿Cómo se pronuncia esta palabra? ¿Qué tenemos que hacer exactamente? Perdone, ¿puedo pasar? ¿Podría hablar más despacio, por favor? Perdone. Lo siento, llego tarde. ¿Puedo ir al baño, por favor? ¿Puedo sacar punta al lápiz, por favor? Dígalo otra vez, por favor. ¿Puede ayudarme, por favor? ¿Es esto correcto / incorrecto? Lo siento, he olvidado mi cuaderno. Lo siento, no hice mi tarea. Cosas que tu profesor podría decirte. Abrid vuestro libro por la página 25. Responde las preguntas. Escribe las respuestas. Trabajad solos / en parejas / en grupos. Haz estas preguntas a tu compañero. Responde las preguntas de tu compañero. Escucha y repite… otra vez… Haz la pregunta. Escucha el CD y esponde las preguntas. Lee el texto. Escribe una redacción sobre… Copiad esto en vuestras libretas. La tarea es … ejercicio 5, página 11 ¡Bien hecho! ¿Habéis terminado? ¿Dónde está Pedro hoy? ¿Quién falta hoy?

Things you might say to your teacher I’m sorry, I don’t understand. Pardon? Sorry? What does “chair” mean? How do you say “X” in English? How do you spell that? Is this correct? What is the past of “go”? How do you pronounce this word? What exactly do we have to do? Excuse me. May I come in? Could you speak more slowly, please? Excuse me. I’m sorry, I’m late. May I go to the toilet, please? Can I sharpen my pencil, please? Say that again, please. Can you help me, please? Is this right / wrong? I’m sorry, I forgot my notebook. I’m sorry, I didn’t do my homework. Things your teacher might say to you. Open your book at page 25. Answer the questions. Write the answers. Work alone / in pairs / in groups. Ask your partner these questions ... Answer your partner’s questions ... Listen and repeat … again … Make the question. Listen to the CD to answer these questions. Read the text. Write a composition about… Copy this into your notebooks. The homework is ...exercise 5, page 11 Well done! Have you finished? Where’s Pedro today? Who is absent / missing today? 5

¿Habéis hecho la tarea? Nos vemos la próxima clase. ¡Que tengáis un buen fin de semana! ¿Cómo estás? ¡Estaos quietos! Ven a la pizarra. Siéntate. Levántate. Cierra el libro. Abre el libro. Enséñame tu libreta. Vamos a empezar con la clase ahora. ¿Está todo el mundo listo para empezar? Voy a pasar lista. ¿A quién le gustaría tener un positivo hoy? Coge uno y pásalos.

Have you done your homework? See you next lesson. Have a nice weekend! How are you? Be quiet! Come to the board. Sit down. Stand up. Close your book. Open your book. Show me your notebook. Let’s start with the lesson now. Is everybody ready to start? I’m going to take attendance. Who would like to get extra marks today? Take one and pass them on.

Cosas que podrías leer en tu libro o en un examen. Completa las frases con las palabras de abajo. Completa las frases con la forma correcta de los verbos entre paréntesis. Escribe las frases en negative e interrogative. Elige / Subraya / Rodea Escribe las palabras en el orden correcto. Lee el texto y responde las preguntas. Escribe cinco frases sobre… Traduce las siguientes frases a inglés. Escribe los contrarios.

Things you might read in your book or in an exam. Complete the sentences with the words below. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Write the sentences in the negative and interrogative. Choose / Underline / Circle the correct… Write the words in the correct order. Read the text and answer the questions. Write five sentences about… Translate the following sentences into English. Write the opposites.

Cosas que podrías decir a tu compañero. ¿Podría coger prestado tu…? ¿Puedes dejarme un…? Lo siento, no recuerdo tu nombre. ¿Podemos compartir el libro? ¿En qué página estamos? ¿Me puedes pasar esas hoja, por favor? Perdona, ese es mi libro. ¿Quién va a empezar? ¿A quién le toca? Me toca a mi ahora.

Things you might say to your classmate. Can I borrow your…, please? Can you lend me a …? Sorry, I can’t remember your name. Can I share your book with you? What page is it on? Can you pass me that piece of paper, please? Excuse me, that’s my book. Who is going to start? Whose turn is it? It’s my turn now.

6

SCHOOL AND EDUCATION go to school ...................... study .............................. learn (by heart) ................. do homework .................... ask ................................. answer ............................ know .............................. revise.............................. take an exam .................... examen pass an exam..................... fail an exam...................... repeat a year .................... leave school...................... colegio take the register attendance ....................... expel .............................. punish ............................. punishment....................... skip classes*...................... absent............................. present............................ hard-working..................... inattentive ....................... undisciplined..................... high / secondary school ........ state school ...................... private school....................

ir al colegio estudiar aprender (de memoria) hacer la tarea preguntar responder saber repasar hacer un aprobar suspender repetir dejar el pasar lista expulsar castigar castigo saltarse las clases ausente presente trabajador distraido indisciplinado instituto colegio público colegio privado

AT SCHOOL class ............................... classroom......................... headmaster ...................... deputy ............................ director of studies .............. counsellor ........................ teacher ........................... tutor............................... caretaker ......................... secretary ......................... language assistant .............. cleaner............................ desk ............................... table .............................. ruler .............................. glue ............................... scissors ........................... stick .............................. calculator......................... brush .............................. computer ........................ keyboard ......................... mouse ............................ headphones ..................... loudspeakers ..................... laptop ............................. netbook ........................... map................................ drawing pin ...................... duster, eraser.................... rubber............................. sharpener......................... schoolbag ......................... pencilcase ........................ exam .............................. break .............................. bell ................................ chair...............................

clase clase director vicedirector jefe de estudios orientador profesor tutor conserje secretario asistente lingüístico limpiador pupitre mesa regla pegamento tijeras pegar calculadora cepillo ordenador teclado ratón auriculares altavoces portátil miniportatil mapa chincheta borrador goma sacapuntas mochila estuche examen recreo campana silla

TEACHING term ................................trimestre timetable..........................horario subject.............................asignatura lesson ..............................lección period ..............................hora de clase free period ........................hora libre french class .......................clase de francés vocabulary ........................vocabulario grammar ...........................gramática

FACILITIES playground ........................patio library..............................biblioteca assembly hall .....................salón de actos language lab ......................laboratorio de idiomas canteen ............................cafetería reception ..........................recepción staffroom ..........................sala de profesores registration room ................secretaría laboratory .........................laboratorio gym.................................gimnasio headteacher’s office ............despacho del director

IN THE CLASSROOM classmate .........................compañero chair................................silla cupboard ..........................armario locker ..............................taquilla stapler ............................grapadora hole punch .......................taladradora schoolbag .........................mochila board...............................pizarra notice board .....................tablón dictionary .........................diccionario notebook ..........................libreta sheet ..............................hoja pen ................................bolígrafo pencil .............................lápiz marker ............................subrayador boardpen ..........................rotulador pizarra chalk ..............................tiza crayons ............................ceras coloured pencils .................lápices de colores correction fluid ..................líquido corrector spelling ............................ortografía essay ...............................redacción, trabajo translation ........................traducción exam ...............................examen mistake ............................fallo good mark .........................buena nota bad mark ..........................mala nota pass mark..........................aprobado school report......................boletín prize................................premio GCSE ...............................graduado de Secundaria holidays............................vacaciones

SUBJECTS computer studies ................informática maths ..............................matemáticas history .............................historia geography .........................geografía science.............................ciencias biology .............................biología chemistry..........................química physics .............................física languages..........................idiomas English .............................ingles physical education ..............E.F. religion ............................religión French .............................Francés

7

Zero scores in team games are usually called nil. In tennis, table tennis , it is used the word love In British English And is used before the last two figures (tens and units) of a number.

Manchester three; Liverpool nil Fifteen - love ; your service.

325: three hundred and twenty-five. 3,077: three thousand and seventy-seven. Note that in writing, commas (not a full stop) are used to separate thousands.

There are two ways of saying dates. Ordinal numbers are used. We write the preposition on with dates. 1 /08 /2009 : On the first of August / August the first…

The words hundred, thousand and million can be used in the singular with a or an, but not alone. A is more common in an informal style. I want to live a hundred years. The journey took exactly one hundred days.

When dates are written the, of and often the ordinal ending (-th) are dropped. Years are usually said in two halves. 1986 : nineteen eighty-six To say the time we can use , digital numbers or time expressions : What’s the time? 12:15 . It’s twelve fifteen / It’s a quarter past twelve

Simple fractions are expressed by using ordinal numbers

¾ : three fourths   ¾

: one third

Decimal fractions are said with each figure separate.. we use a full stop, called “point”, not a comma, before the fraction.

In phone numbers we say each figure separately. 0 is called / әu /. And if a number is repeated we say double. 6532209 : six five three double two o nine.

0.5 : nought point five Ordinal numbers are used for Kings and Queens. Henry VIII: Henry the Eighth The figure 0 is normally called nought in British English and Zero in American English. When the numbers are said figure by figure 0 is often called /әu / like the letter O. My account number is 41326069 : four one three two six o .. In measurements, like temperature is called zero 0º : Zero degrees Centigrade.

The singular of pence is penny. 1p : one penny Informal : one p / pi / 5p : five pence five p / pi / In sums with pounds, the letter p is dropped. £3.75 : Three pounds seventy-five

8

Exercise 1

Write how you would say these numbers or figures. 1. 2.

1. Addition 2+ 3 = 5 Two and three is / are five Two plus three is /equals five

2. Subtraction

3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

7-4=3

8.

Four from seven is / leaves three Seven minus four is /equals three

9.

3. Multiplication

10.

5 x 2 = 10 Five times two is / makes ten Five multiplied by two equals ten

4. Division

………………………………………………………………………

11. 12. 13. 14.

9:3=3 Nine divided by three equals three

He was born 3 -January 1975 ……………………………………………………………………………………… His telephone number is 956 447 201 ……………………………………………………………………………………… Juan Carlos I is the King of Spain. ……………………………………………………………………………………… How much are those trainers? They are £ 103.50 ……………………………………………………………………………………… He lives on the 15 floor. ……………………………………………………………………………………… Who won the match? Real Madrid beat Manchester United 1-0 ……………………………………………………………………………………… My cousin won 1,500,000 Є in the lottery two years ago. ……………………………………………………………………………………… ¼ + ½ = ¾.

15.

Nadal is winning 40-0 in the 1st game. ……………………………………………………………………………………… When is Tom’s birthday? His birthday is on 30 / 3 …………………………………………………………………………………….. What time is it, please? It ‘s 19:40 ……………………………………………………………………………………… The temperature now is 0º C. ……………………………………………………………………………………… 10 - 1.5 = 8.5 ……………………………………………………………………………………… 352 + 1760 = 2112. ……………………………………………………………………………………… 27 : 3 = 9 ……………………………………………………………………………………..

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23.

1. The concert is the two of May. ……………………………………………………………. 2. One thousand and three hundreds. …………………………………………………………… 3. He died in one thousand nine hundred and sixty two. …………………………………………………………… 4. Manchester beat Liverpool three zero. …………………………………………………………… 5. My phone number is six nil one two four nine nine five. …………………………………………………………… 6. Henry the Eight was born in Greenwich. …………………………………………………………… 7. The car cost a lot of money, thirty thousands euros. …………………………………………………………… 8. How much is three time six? …………………………………………………………… 9. His birthday is the eleven January. …………………………………………………………… 10. The lesson starts at nine thirtieth.

Write the following numbers 1968 ( year) …………………………………………………. 21st ………………………………………………… 6374420 ( ) ………………………………………………. 5 + 7 =12 ……………………………………………….. £100,65 ………………………………………………… 5ºC ………………………………………………… Elisabeth I ……………………………………………….. 2/5 (fraction) ……………………………………........... 6-0 (football) ………………………………………………. 15-0 (tennis) ……………………………………………….. 18/10/1999 ……………………………………………….. 4 x 9 = 36 ……………………………………………….. 15 : 5 = 3 ……………………………………………….. 1,950,011 ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. 3rd 100 ……………………………………………….. 1,000 ……………………………………………….. 1,000,000 ……………………………………………….. 502 ……………………………………………….. Henry II ………………………………………………. 50,20 Є ………………………………………………. 30 – 19 =11 ………………………………………………. 2010 (year) ……………………………………………….

Correct the flollowing numbers.

9

Irregular Verbs 3 ESO

Irregular Verbs INFINITIVE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48

be beat become begin bend bet bite bleed blow break breed bring build buy catch choose come cost cut deal do draw dream drink drive eat fall feed feel fight find fly forbid foretell forget forgive freeze get give go grow hang have hear hide hit hold hurt

PAST SIMPLE

PAST PARTICIPLE

TRANSLATION

was, were beat became began bent bet bit bled blew broke bred brought built bought caught chose came cost cut dealt did drew dreamt drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found flew forbade foretold forgot forgave froze got gave went grew hung, hanged had heard hid hit held hurt

been beaten become begun bent bet bitten bled blown broken bred brought built bought caught chosen come cost cut dealt done drawn dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found flown forbidden foretold forgotten forgiven frozen got given gone grown hung, hanged had heard hidden hit held hurt

estar derrotar, golpear convertirse en, hacerse empezar doblar apostar morder sangrar soplar romper(se) criar traer construer comprar coger, atrapar elegir venir, llegar costar cortar tratar hacer dibujar soñar beber conducir comer caerse alimentar sentir luchar encontrar volar prohibir predecir olvidar perdonar congelar conseguir, recibir dar ir(se) crecer, cultivar colgar, tender tener, tomar, haber oír esconder golpear sujetar doler, hacer daño 10

Irregular Verbs 3 ESO

INFINITIVE

PAST SIMPLE

PAST PARTICIPLE

TRANSLATION

49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61

keep know lay learn leave lead lend let light lose make mean meet

kept knew laid learnt left led lent let lit lost made meant met

kept known laid learnt left led lent let lit lost made meant met

62 63 64 65

pay put read ride

paid put read rode

paid put read ridden

66

ring

rang

rung

67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85

run say see sell send sew shake shine shoot show shrink shut sing sink sit sleep speak spell spend

ran said saw sold sent sewed shook shone shot showed shrank shut sang sank sat slept spoke spelt spent

run said seen sold sent sewn shaken shone shot shown shrunk shut sung sunk sat slept spoken spelt spent

86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93

spread spring stand steal stick stink sweep swim

spread sprang stood stole stuck stank swept swam

spread sprung stood stolen stuck stunk swept swum

continuar, seguir saber, conocer poner, extender aprender, enterarse de irse, dejar encabezar, dirigir prestar dejar (autorizar) encender perder hacer, fabricar significar, querer decir conocer, reunirse, quedar, encontrarse con alguien pagar poner leer montar (caballo, moto, bici…)) tocar (el timbre) sonar (el teléfono) correr decir ver vender enviar coser agitar, sacudir brillar, relucir disparar mostrar encoger cerrar cantar hundirse sentarse dormir(se) hablar deletrear gastar (dinero), pasar (tiempo) extender aparecer, brotar estar de pie robar pegar, colgar apestar barrer nadar 11

Irregular Verbs 3 ESO

INFINITIVE 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105

take teach tell think throw understand wake wear weep wet win write

PAST SIMPLE

PAST PARTICIPLE

TRANSLATION

took taught told thought threw understood woke wore wept wet, wetted won wrote

taken taught told thought thrown understood woken worn wept wet, wetted won written

coger, llevarse enseñar decir, contar pensar tirar, arrojar entender despertar(se) ponerse, llevar puesto llorar humedecer, mojar ganar escribir

12

English spelling often appears to be totally illogical. The following rules can help you to decode the mysteries of English spelling. But remember, even the best rules have their exceptions. ADDING -ING/-ED Spelling Rule Just add -ing or -ed to the end of the base verb: work > working > worked, play > playing > played, open > opening > opened Exceptions: If the base verb ends in:

do this:

and add:

For example:

consonant + vowel + consonant and a stressed syllable

double the final consonant

-ing -ed

stop > stopping > stopped begin > beginning tap > tapping > tapped But, for example: open > opening > opened (because no stress on last syllable of open)

consonant + -e

remove the -e

-ing -ed

phone > phoning > phoned dance > dancing > danced make > making rake > raking > raked dye > dying > dyed

-ie

change the -ie to -y

-ing

lie > lying die > dying

nothing

-d

lie > lied die > died

ADDING -S We add -s to words for two reasons: 1. to make plural nouns (boy > boys) 2. to form the 3rd person singular of the present simple tense (you work > he works) Spelling Rule Just add -s to the end of the word, for example: dog > dogs, play > plays, demand > demands Exceptions: If the word ends in:

do this:

and add:

For example:

-ch -s -sh -x -z

nothing

-es

church > churches mass > masses brush > brushes fax > faxes box > boxes chintz > chintzes

-f -fe

remove the -f or -fe

-ves

wife > wives calf > calves except: beliefs, chiefs, dwarfs, griefs, gulfs, proofs, roofs

consonant + -y

remove the -y

-ies

spy > spies baby > babies

Note: words that end in -o normally just add s, except: buffalo > buffaloes ; cargoes (or cargos) ; domino > dominoes ; echo > echoes ; go > goes ; grotto > grottoes halo > haloes ; hero > heroes ; mango > mangoes ; mosquito > mosquitoes ; motto > mottoes (or mottos) ; potato > potatoes ; tomato > tomatoes ; tornado > tornadoes ; torpedo > torpedoes ; veto > vetoes ; volcano > volcanoes

13

THE BEGINNING OR INTRODUCTION Good morning/afternoon everybody. GETTING PEOPLE ATTENTION • Great, shall we start? • Right / Well / Ok. Let’s start. GIVE TITLE AND INTRODUCE SUBJECT • I plan to talk about… • Today I’m going to talk about… • The subject of my presentation is… • My talk will last about … minutes. • I will speak for 15 minutes. GIVE YOUR OBJECTIVES • What I would like to do today is to explain, to illustrate… TRANSITIONS • Now let us turn to point one. • Let us now move to the second part… THE MIDDLE OR THE BODY • There are three things we have to consider: one… • First of all… • In the first place… LINKING IDEAS To give an example: • Now let’s take an example. • To illustrate this… • For example • For instance To rephrase: • In other words • Another way of saying the same thing is… • That is to say… To summarize: • To summarize • To sum up THE END OR CONCLUSION • In conclusion, I would like to say that… • Finally… • As a conclusion… • I’d be happy to answer any questions. • If there are any questions, please feel free to ask. •

The purpose of a PowerPoint presentation is to support a spoken presentation. • Don’t repeat what is written on the slides –explain what’s on the slide and add to it. • The text on each slide should be written in point form –avoid full sentences. • Every slide should have a title. • The background colour of your slide should contrast with the font –do not use patterns with lots of colours. • Your font size should not be smaller than 18 points, otherwise people at the back of the room won’t be able to read it. • The best way to show statistics or trends is with a graph.

I mean Well Well, you see So You know what I mean OK Right Let’s see My point is… How shall I put it? What’s the word for it? Now, let me think… It’s on the tip of my tongue… That’s an interesting question…

Create • • •

and present a PowerPoint presentation. Research one of the issues talked about in class. Create a PowerPoint presentation to go with your oral presentation. Give your presentation in front of the class.

14

MY FIRST BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great. MY SECOND BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.

15

MY THIRD BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great. MY FOURTH BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.

16

MY FIFTH BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great. MY SIXTH BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.

17

MY SEVENTH BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great. MY EIGHTH BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the ............................. It was written by .................................................................... and published by .............................................................. in the year ................................. I STOPPED READING ON PAGE: st nd 1 session: 2 session: th th 4 session: 5 session: SUMMARY

rd

3 th 6

session: session:

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the ................................. It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.

18

Title Author Publisher and date Main characters Setting

Plot. What happens in the story?

My comments about the book

Would you recommend the book? Why?

Twenty words you have learnt reading the book ENGLISH

SPANISH

ENGLISH

SPANISH

19

STARTER UNIT OPPOSITES

tall ................................ alto short .............................. bajo old................................. viejo young ............................. joven fat ................................. gordo slim................................ delgado big ................................. grande small .............................. pequeño expensive ........................ caro cheap ............................. barato good............................... bueno bad ................................ malo PARTS OF THE BODY arm .......................... brazo ear ........................... oreja/ oído eye ........................... ojo face .......................... cara finger ........................ dedo (de la mano) foot/feet.................... pie/pies hair .......................... pelo hand ......................... mano head ......................... cabeza hump ........................ joroba leg ........................... pierna/pata mouth ....................... boca neck ......................... cuello nose.......................... naríz tail ........................... cola thumb ....................... pulgar toe ........................... dedo (del pie) tongue....................... lengua tooth/teeth ................ diente/dientes FOOD apple ............................... manzana bacon ............................... tocino banana ............................. plátano beans ............................... judías beef................................. carne de ternera biscuit .............................. galleta bread ............................... pan butter .............................. mantequilla cake ................................ tarta carrot............................... zanahoria cheese.............................. queso chicken............................. carne de pollo chips ................................ patatas fritas coffee .............................. café dairy products..................... productos lácteos egg .................................. huevo fast food ........................... comida rápida fish.................................. pescado fizzy drinks ........................ refrescos French omelete ................... tortilla francesa fruit................................. fruta gravy................................ salsa ham ................................. jamón

ice cream .......................... jacket potatoes................... jam ................................. juice................................ lamb ................................ lettuce ............................. macarroni.......................... mayonnaise........................ meat................................ milk................................. nuts................................. orange.............................. pasta ............................... pork ................................ potato/potatoes.................. rice ................................. salad................................ sandwich/sandwiches ........... spaghetti........................... Spanish omelete .................. strawberry/strawberries ........ sweets.............................. tea .................................. toast................................ tuna ................................ vegetables.........................

helado patatas asadas mermelada zumo carne de cordero lechuga macarrones mayonesa carne leche frutos secos naranja pasta carne de cerdo patata/patatas arroz ensalada sandwich/sandwiches espagueti tortilla de patatas fresa/fresas caramelos/dulces té tostada atún verdura

PLACES IN TOWN airport ...................... aquarium ................... bank ......................... book-shop .................. building ..................... bus stop..................... café.......................... campsite .................... chemist ..................... church....................... cinema ...................... exit .......................... flat........................... hotel......................... library ....................... museum..................... newsagent .................. park.......................... restaurant .................. road ......................... school ....................... shoe shop ................... shopping centre ........... souvenir shop .............. supermarket................ swimming pool............. tower........................ train station................ underground station ...... water park..................

aeropuerto acuario banco librería edificio parada de autobús cafetería camping farmacia iglesia cine salida piso hotel biblioteca museo quiosco de prensa parque restaurante carretera colegio/instituto zapatería centro commercial tienda de recuerdos supermercado piscina torre estación de ferrocarril estación de metro parque acúatico

20

LANDSCAPE FEATURES beach ........................ desert ....................... forest ........................ gulf .......................... ice............................ island ........................ lake .......................... mountain.................... rainforest ................... river ......................... sand.......................... snow ......................... tree .......................... water ........................ waves........................

playa desierto bosque golfo hielo isla lago montaña jungla río arena nieve árbol agua olas

SCHOOL SUBJECTS art and design................ educación plástica drama ......................... teatro English......................... inglés French ......................... francés geography..................... geografía history......................... historia ICT ............................. informática Literature..................... literatura Maths .......................... matemáticas Music .......................... música PE (physical education)..... educaión física Science ........................ ciencias ROOMS AND FURNITURE armchair ...................... sillón bathroom ..................... cuarto de baño bed............................. cama bedroom ...................... dormitorio bookcase ...................... estantería chair ........................... silla cooker ......................... hornilla cupboard...................... armario desk............................ escritorio dining room................... comedor kitchen ........................ cocina lamp ........................... lámpara living room ................... salón de estar mirror ......................... espejo sofa ............................ sofá table ........................... mesa toilet .......................... aseo wardrobe...................... armario CLOTHES AND ACCESSORIES boots .......................... bracelet ....................... cap ............................. coat............................ dress ........................... earrings ....................... fancy dress ................... flip-flops ...................... gloves.......................... jacket .........................

botas pulsera gorra abrigo vestido pendientes disfraz chanclas guantes chaqueta

jeans ........................... vaqueros jewel/ jewelery .............. joya/joyas jumper ......................... jersey kilt .............................. falda escocesa leggings ........................ mallas necklace ....................... collar outfit ........................... conjunto sandals ......................... sandalias scarf ............................ bufanda shirt ............................camisa shoes ........................... zapatos shorts........................... pantalones cortos skirt ............................ falda slippers......................... zapatillas (de casa) socks ........................... calcetines sunhat .......................... sombrero (de sol) sweater ........................ sudadera swimming costume........... bañador (de mujer) swimming-trunks ............. bañador (de hombre) tie............................... corbata track suit ...................... chándal trainers ........................ zapatillas de deporte trousers ........................ pantalones T-shirt.......................... camiseta (manga corta) umbrella ....................... paraguas waterproof jacket............ impermeable wellington boots.............. botas de agua SEASONS spring...........................primavera summer ........................verano autumn.........................otoño winter ..........................invierno

CLASSROOM LANGUAGE How do you say X in English? ............¿Cómo se dice X en inglés? What does X mean? .......................¿Qué significa X? How do you spell it? ......................¿Cómo se deletrea? What have you got for number X? ......¿Qué tienes en el número X? What do you think?........................¿Qué crees? Can you lend me a X? .....................¿Puedes dejarme un X? How do you pronounce X?................¿Cómo se pronuncia X?

21

UNIT 1: FREE TIME FREE TIME ACTIVITIES chat online ...................... chatear do voluntary work .............. trabajar como voluntario do magic tricks .................. hacer trucos de magia do some kind of sport ......... hacer deporte draw cartoons .................. dibujar cómics go to a disco ..................... ir a la discoteca go to the cinema................ ir al cine go to the gym.................... ir al gimnasio go to a youth group............. ir a un club juvenil go out for a meal ............... salir a comer go skydiving...................... hacer paracaidismo go jogging ........................ hacer footing learn a language ................ aprender un idioma listen to music................... escuchar música make models .................... hacer maquetas play computer games .......... jugar al ordenador play an instrument ............. tocar un instrumento play tennis ....................... jugar al tenis practise fencing ................. practicar esgrima relax .............................. relajarse running ........................... correr travel ............................. viajar CHARACTER ADJECTIVES adventurous ..................... aventurero cautious .......................... cauto confident......................... seguro de sí mismo dishonest ......................... deshonesto energetic ......................... enérgico enthusiastic...................... entusiasta friendly ........................... simpático funny.............................. divertido generous ......................... generoso helpful ............................ servicial, amable honest ............................ honrado lazy................................ perezoso musical ........................... musical quiet .............................. tranquilo selfish............................. egoísta serious ............................ serio shy................................. tímido talkative.......................... hablador unsociable........................ insociable OTHER VOCABULARY adverbs once............................... una vez hardly ever....................... casi nunca instead............................ en lugar de too ................................ también twice.............................. dos veces verbs chat ............................... charlar, chatear fancy (+ing) ...................... gustar get good / bad marks .......... sacar buenas/malas notas get stressed...................... estresarse laugh at........................... reirse

make noise .......................hacer ruido miss................................echar de menos, perder share ..............................compartir spend..............................gastar tidy ................................ordenar worry ..............................preocuparse adjectives ancient............................antiguo bad (at) ...........................malo (en) be bored ..........................estar aburrido be boring .........................ser aburrido busy ...............................ocupado frightened ........................asustado good (at)..........................bueno (en) interested (in) ...................interesado (en) keen (on) .........................le gusta mucho tired ...............................cansado unusual ...........................raro, inusual worried ...........................preocupado nouns advice .............................consejo animal refuge ....................refugio de animales ball boy/girl......................recogepelotas balloon ............................globo court ..............................cancha, pista equipment........................equipo evening ...........................tarde/noche fit ..................................en forma, sano fun .................................diversión pressure ..........................presión profile.............................perfil showbiz (showbusiness) ........el mundo del espectáculo skill ................................destreza spider .............................araña strawberry (pl, -ies) ............fresa(-s) stressful...........................estresante supper.............................cena teenager ..........................adolescente training ...........................entrenamiento try .................................intentar volunteering .....................voluntariado washing-up .......................fregado (platos) linkers although ..........................aunque because ...........................porque so ..................................así que OTHER EXPRESSIONS for a time.........................durante un tiempo s/he is not only (adj) but also (adj)... es no sólo (adj), pero (adj) también s/he is good friends with ......es buen/a amigo/a de how often ........................con qué frecuencia I’m not (+adj) at all ............no soy nada (+adj) in late (+year) ...................a finales de (+año) loads of ...........................montones de no wonder ........................sin duda related to ........................relacionado con since then ........................desde entonces

22

UNIT 2: TECHNOLOGY TECHNOLOGY verbs charge a mobile phone ........ cargar el móvil download a video............... descargar un vídeo go online ......................... estar conectado make a phone call.............. hacer una llamada play a video game .............. jugar a un vídeojuego plug in a memory stick ........ enchufar un pendrive post a comment ................ escribir un comentario print a document ............... imprimir un documento read an e-book.................. leer un libro electrónico scan a photo..................... escanear una foto send an email ................... enviar un correo electrónico send text messages ............ enviar mensajes de texto store data........................ almacenar datos take a digital photo ............ hacer una foto digital transfer .......................... pasar, transferir upload a video .................. subir un vídeo write a blog ..................... escribir un blog upload ≠ download nouns broadband ....................... banda ancha desktop computer .............. ordenador de mesa electronic gadget............... aparato electrónico flatscreen tv..................... television plana high definition .................. alta definición inch ............................... pulgada laptop ............................ ordenador portátil network .......................... red printer............................ impresora scanner........................... escáner search engine ................... buscador social networking sites ........ redes sociales

JOBS accounting clerk ................ secretary......................... material mover ................. assistant ......................... shop assistant ................... teacher........................... lorry driver ...................... taxi driver ....................... builder ........................... researcher ....................... lawyer ............................

contable secretario ayudante dependiente professor camionero taxista albañil investigador abogado

electrician ....................... electricista politician ......................... político technician........................ técnico journalist......................... periodista scientist .......................... científico artist .............................. artista actor .............................. actor actress ............................ actriz doctor............................. médico fireman/woman ................. bombero postman/woman ................ cartero policeman/woman.............. policía salesman/woman ............... vendedor engineer .......................... ingeniero waiter............................. camarero waitress .......................... camarera cook ............................... cocinero nurse .............................. enfermera office clerk ...................... oficinista cashier............................ cajero housewife ........................ ama de casa OTHER VOCABULARY verbs develop ........................... desarrollar get stuck ......................... atascarse have a peek...................... echar un vistazo hope............................... esperar look for ........................... buscar own ............................... poseer perform live ..................... actuar en directo realize ............................ dares cuenta ring................................ llamar adjectives available ......................... disponible blind .............................. ciego deaf ............................... sordo exciting........................... (ser) emocionante excited ........................... (estar) emocionado heavy ............................. pesado ill .................................. enfermo second-hand ..................... de segunda mano sure ............................... seguro nouns client ............................. cliente lens................................ lente offer .............................. oferta request ........................... pedido, solicitud robber ............................ ladrón thief............................... ladrón rubbish ........................... basura, rubbish (informal) .............. tonterías stuff (informal).................. cosa user ............................... usuario wedding .......................... boda stuff (uncountable) = thing (countable)

23

UNIT 3: STRANGE BUT TRUE! PREPOSITIONS and ADVERBS across ...................... al otro lado de; por along ....................... por; a lo largo de away from................. lejos de down ....................... abajo into......................... en out of ...................... fuera de over ........................ por; sobre round ...................... alrededor through .................... a través towards.................... hacia under ...................... debajo up .......................... arriba -ED / -ING ADJECTIVES bored ...................... (estar) aburrido boring...................... (ser) aburrido frightened................. asustado frightening ................ aterrador tired........................ (estar) cansado tiring ....................... (ser) cansado excited .................... emocionado exciting.................... emocionante worried .................... preocupado worrying ................... preocupante surprised .................. sorprendido surprising.................. sorprendente interested ................. interesado interesting ................ interesante annoyed ................... (estar) molesto annoying................... (ser) molesto OTHER ADJECTIVES accurate................... preciso alone....................... solo brave....................... valiente huge........................ gigante, muy grande loud ........................ fuerte (sound) low ......................... bajo (sound) weak ....................... débil NOUNS bear ........................ oso blood....................... sangre bodyboard................. tabla de surf pequeña branch ..................... rama bull ......................... toro cage ........................ jaula coastguard ................ guardacostas countryside ............... campo, campiña danger ..................... peligro dark ........................ oscuro dolphin .................... delfín field ........................ campo fire ant .................... hormiga roja first aid .................... primeros auxilios fox.......................... zorro flat ......................... piso ground ..................... terreno

guest ....................... invitado head torch ................ linterna cabeza hip.......................... cadera jungle ...................... selva lake ........................ lago mound ..................... montículo myth ....................... mito note ........................ nota (recordatorio, mus.) owner ...................... propietario parachute ................. paracaídas pool ........................ piscina python ..................... serpiente pitón rescue ..................... rescatar reporter ................... reportero sailor ....................... marinero sausage .................... salchicha side......................... lado, cara shape ...................... forma shark ....................... tiburón shore ....................... orilla skydiving .................. paracaidismo sleeping bag .............. saco de dormir snake....................... serpiente spaceship.................. nave espacial storm ...................... tormenta surfboard .................. tabla de surf tent ........................ tienda de campaña thief........................ ladrón toilet lid ................... tapa del inodoro topic ....................... tema trade ....................... comercio treasure ................... tesoro voyage ..................... viaje, travesía wetsuit .................... traje isotérmico wood ....................... bosque VERBS avoid ....................... evitar bite......................... morder climb....................... escalar crash ....................... chocar dive ........................ bucear fix .......................... arreglar, sujetar jump ....................... saltar knock ...................... golpear lid down ................... acostarse, echarse look after ................. cuidar pick ........................ recoger push ........................ empujar reach....................... alcanzar sail ......................... navegar shelter ..................... refugio ship......................... barco sink......................... hundirse LINKERS when ....................... cuando while ....................... mientras as ........................... al mismo tiempo, cuando

24

UNIT 4: SPECIAL PLACES PLACES TO VISIT bridge............................. puente building........................... edificio castle ............................. castillo cathedral......................... catedral cave .............................. cueva coastline ......................... litoral lighthouse ........................ faro natural places ................... lugares naturales opera house...................... ópera pyramid........................... pirámide rainforest ........................ selva tropical reef ............................... acantilado ruin................................ ruina temple............................ templo tomb .............................. tumba tower ............................. torre World Heritage sites............ lugares Patrimonio de la Humanidad ADVERBS angry.................. enfadado badly .................. mal carefully.............. cuidadosamente easy ................... fácil fast .................... rápidamente happily................ felizmente hard ................... difícil, duro noisily................. ruidosamente quickly................ rápidamente quietly ................ tranquilamente slowly ................. lentamente well ................... bien ADJECTIVES amazing .............. asombroso cheap ................. barato crowded .............. lleno de gente entire ................. entero expensive ............ caro everlasting ........... duradero flavoured ............. con sabor a grilled................. a la parrilla iconic ................. icónico inexpensive .......... barato luxurious ............. lujoso man-made............ hecho a mano pale ................... pálido safe ................... seguro sandy....................... de arena tiny......................... diminuto twisted .................... retorcido wet ......................... húmedo VERBS hang out................... tender hire......................... alquilar join......................... unir(se) spend ...................... pasar tiempo, gastar dinero

unusual .................... raro weigh ...................... pesar OTHER NOUNS army ....................... ejército bakery ..................... panadería bench ...................... banco cake shop ................. pastelería chariot ..................... carro concrete................... hormigón contract ................... contrato coffee shop ............... cafetería crowded ................... abarrotado diner ....................... restaurante (US) exchange .................. intercambio flag ......................... bandera flavour ..................... sabor granite block ............. bloque de granito guest ....................... invitado hall ......................... vestíbulo, entrada heath ...................... monte jewellery .................. joyas lawyer ..................... abogado wall ........................ pared king ........................ rey lift .......................... ascensor marble ..................... mármol merchant .................. comerciante mosaic ..................... mosaico octopus .................... pulpo pistachio .................. pistacho queen ...................... reina sheet ....................... sábana, hoja sightseeing ................ turismo silk ......................... seda site ......................... lugar slave ....................... esclavo stall ........................ puesto, tenderete stone ....................... piedra OTHER WORDS instead..................... en lugar de whole ...................... todo, entero between ................... entre (dos) among ..................... entre (varios) enough..................... suficiente, bastante too (+adj) ................. demasiado too ......................... también OTHER EXPRESSIONS What is X famous for? ...............¿Por qué es X famoso? It’s famous for........................Es famoso por… S/he is in her/his twenties .........Tiene unos 20 S/he is over/about/around 20 .....Tiene unos 20 S/he is 20 more or less..............Tiene más o menos 20

25

UNIT 5: HEROES FUNDRAISING IDEAS collect money ................... hacer una colecta do a sponsored swim ........... organizar un concurso de natación para recaudar fondos have a barbecue ................ hacer una barbacoa have a bring and by sale....... hacer un mercadillo de segunda mano make a charity cd............... hacer un CD benéfico organize a jumble sale......... organizar un rastrillo raise money...................... recaudar dinero sell badges ....................... vender insignias sell raffle tickets ............... vender boletos para una rifa sell sweets ....................... vender caramelos wash cars......................... lavar coches MAKE AND DO do charity work ............ do exercise ................. do homework ............... do nothing .................. do someone a favour ...... do your best ................ make a decision............ make a mistake ............ make friends................ make money ................ make someone laugh ......

hacer tareas benéficas hacer ejercicio hacer la tarea no hacer nada hacer un favor a alguien hacer todo lo posible tomar una decisión cometer un fallo hacer amigos hacer dinero hacer a alguien reir

VERBS encourage........................ animar launch ............................ lanzar, fundar look after ........................ cuidar realize ............................ darse cuenta release an album ............... sacar un album star................................ protagonizar

equipped .....................equipado, dotado event .........................acontecimiento famine ........................hambre, hambruna football pitch................cancha de fútbol glasses ........................gafas Goodwill Ambassador ......Embajador de Buena Voluntad headache.....................dolor de cabeza hut ............................cabaña, choza letter .........................carta laptop ........................ordenador portátil luck ...........................suerte mile ...........................milla mistake.......................error note...........................nota nurse..........................enfermera nursing........................enfermería organizer .....................organizador refugee .......................refugiado shape .........................forma shark ..........................tiburón success .......................éxito tent ...........................tienda, carpa toy ............................juguete aim = objective

ADJECTIVES awful.................. cool ................... dirty................... second-hand ......... sick.................... sponsored ............ wealthy............... whole ................. wooden ...............

horrible guay (informal) sucio de segunda mano enfermo patrocinado rico entero, todo de madera

wealthy = rich wealthy, rich ≠ poor dirty ≠ clean ill = sick ill, sick ≠ healthy

LINKERS NOUNS aim ........................... auditorium .................. badge ........................ beginning.................... century ...................... charity ....................... earthquake..................

objetivo auditorio insignia comienzo siglo organización benéfica terremoto

so........................... así que OTHER EXPRESSIONS a long time ............... mucho tiempo on somebody’s behalf... en nombre de suddenly................... de repente together................... juntos

26

UNIT 6: INCREDIBLE JOURNEYS TRAVEL arrive ............................. buy a guidebook ................ buy souvenirs.................... come back home ............... get on a train ................... get off a coach.................. have adventures ................ meet people..................... pack a suitcase.................. plan a journey .................. send postcards .................. set off ............................

llegar comprar una guía comprar recuerdos regresar a casa subirse a un tren bajarse de un autobús tener aventuras conocer a gente hacer la maleta planear un viaje enviar postales salir/ponerse en camino

EXTREME ADJECTIVES amazing .......................... awful ............................. bowling........................... delighted......................... enormous ........................ exhausted........................ freezing .......................... terrifying......................... tiny ...............................

asombroso horrible/malísimo hirviendo encantado enorme agotado/exhausto helado/congelado aterrador minúsculo/diminuto

OTHER VOCABULARY adverbs abroad............................ extranjero ever............................... alguna vez mostly ............................ generalmente solo ............................... en solitario today ............................. hoy tomorrow ........................ mañana verbs discover .......................... descubrir do tricks.......................... hacer trucos drive up .......................... llegar drive down....................... bajar encourage ....................... animar enjoy ............................. disfrutar harm .............................. hacer daño hitchhike......................... hacer autostop land ............................... aterrizar leave.............................. salir pick up ........................... recoger a alguien queue............................. hacer cola sail ................................ navegar stand ............................. permanecer de pie adjectives alone ............................. solo blue-haired ...................... de pelo azul ecstatic .......................... extasiado free ............................... libre foreign ........................... extranjero in-flight .......................... durante el vuelo lucky.............................. afortunado warm ............................. templado

nouns amount ........................... cantidad clothes ............................ ropa cruise ............................. crucero disease............................ enfermedad event.............................. acontecimiento fear................................ miedo forty-nineers..................... los del 49 gold-seeker ...................... buscador de oro gold rush ......................... fiebre del oro immigration desk................ mostrador de inmigración influenza ......................... gripe land ............................... tierra leukaemia ........................ leucemia mill ................................ molino population........................ población queue ............................. cola record holder .................... poseedor de un récord seat ............................... asiento sightseeing bus tour ............ autobús turístico (ciudad) shark .............................. tiburón ship................................ barco shuttle bus ....................... autobús de enlace sailor .............................. marinero steak .............................. filete teenager.......................... adolescente trip ................................ viaje/ salida wave .............................. ola whale ............................. ballena wheel ............................. rueda wheelchair ....................... silla de ruedas yacht .............................. yate linkers after that......................... después finally ............................. finalmente first................................ en primer lugar next ............................... a continuación then ............................... luego, después in fact............................. de hecho so .................................. así que OTHER EXPRESSIONS a few .............................. unos pocos(contable) a little ............................ un poco de (incontable) a lot of............................ un montón de at last! ............................ ¡por fin! in the middle of ................. en mitad de lots of ............................. un montón de on his/her own .................. solo/sola on time ........................... a tiempo what a journey! ................. ¡vaya viaje!

27

UNIT 7: ON SCREEN be set .............................tener lugar/estar situado come out .........................salir/ estrenar action scenes .................... escenas de acción change ............................cambiar audience ......................... espectadores die .................................morir autograph ........................ autógrafo enjoy ..............................disfrutar award ............................. premio exist ...............................existir blockbuster ...................... éxito de taquilla fail.................................suspender box office ........................ taquilla give sb a lift......................llevar a alguien en coche director........................... director (de cine) give up ............................dejar/abandonar film a scene...................... filmar/rodar una escena move ..............................trasladarse film-maker ....................... director de cine realize ............................darse cuenta film-making ...................... rodaje de película replace............................sustituir/reemplazar film star .......................... estrella de cine retire ..............................retirarse filming ............................ rodaje/filmación pass................................aprobar fresh films........................ películas recientes wait for win ......................esperar ganar plot................................ trama, argumento adjectives producer ......................... productor amazing...........................asombroso release a film.................... estrenar una película awesome..........................impresionante screen ............................ pantalla boring .............................aburrido script.............................. guión computer-generated............producido por ordenador soudtrack......................... banda sonora exciting ...........................emocionante special effects................... efectos especiales interactive .......................interactivo star in a film..................... protagonista de la película lifelike ............................realista stunt .............................. doble lonely .............................solo/solitario stunt man/woman .............. espacialista realistic ...........................realista win an award .................... ganar un premio successful ........................de éxito NOUN SUFFIXES timeless...........................eterno well-known .......................conocido/famoso advertisement................... anuncio nouns arguement ....................... discusión achievement .....................logro competition ..................... competición career .............................carrera connection....................... conexión depth..............................profundidad decoration ....................... decoración holograms ........................hologramas development .................... desarrollo multiplex cinema................multicine education ........................ educación odour ..............................olor enjoyment ....................... placer, disfrute rubbish ............................basura equipment ....................... equipo training ...........................entrenamiento excitement ...................... entusiasmo winner ............................ganador information ...................... información linkers possession........................ posesión for this reason ...................por esta razón prediction........................ predicción since...............................ya que/desde que suggestion ....................... sugerencia therefore .........................por tanto OTHER VOCABULARY OTHER EXPRESSIONS adverbs in my opinión ....................en mi opinión definitely......................... definitivamente like ................................como dramatically ..................... drásticamente none of that......................nada/ninguno de eso even............................... incluso/hasta not many .........................no muchos/as everywhere ...................... por todas partes to make somebody dreams come true...hacer que los exactly............................ exactamente sueños de alguien se hagan realidad inside ............................. dentro up to ..............................hasta onward(s) ........................ en/hacia adelante perhaps ........................... quizá(s)/ tal vez probably .......................... probablemente soon ............................... pronto verbs apply (for) ....................... solicitar ask for ............................ pedir be born ........................... nacer FILM VOCABULARY

28

UNIT 8: GOOD FRIENDS MAKING FRIENDS arrive early ...................... llegar temprano be late ............................ llegar tarde be polite ......................... ser educado be rude ........................... ser maleducado bring a present .................. traer un regalo click your fingers ............... chasquear los dedos interrupt a conversation....... interrumpir una conversac. jump a queue.................... colarse kiss a stranger ................... besar a un extraño point at someone ............... señalar a alguien shake hands...................... estrechar la mano take off your shoes ............. quitarse los zapatos tell jokes ......................... contar chistes VERB AND NOUN COLLOCATIONS give advice....................... dar un consejo give presents .................... hacer regalos have an argument .............. discutir have fun .......................... divertirse receive advice................... recibir consejo receive presents ................ recibir regalos spend money .................... gastar spend time ....................... pasar el tiempo tell lies ........................... decir mentiras tell the truth .................... decir la verdad OTHER VOCABULARY adverbs anywhere......................... en cualquier lugar early .............................. temprano extremelly ....................... extremadamente every day......................... cada día just ................................ justo luckily............................. afortunadamente perhaps ........................... quizás plenty............................. un montón verbs achieve ........................... lograr apologize ......................... pedir disculpas ask (sb) out ...................... invitar a alguien be famous for ................... ser famoso por be good at ....................... ser bueno en be late ............................ llegar tarde burp ............................... eructar camp .............................. acampar complain ......................... quejarse do nothing ....................... no hacer nada do the shopping ................. hacer la compra go camping....................... ir de acampada go out (with)..................... salir (con) look after ........................ cuidar meet friends ..................... quedar con amigos meet people ..................... conocer gente realize ............................ darse cuenta take sth seriously ............... tomarse algo en serio take off........................... quitar(se)/despegar support ........................... apoyar

wake up .......................... despertar(se) adjectives asleep ............................. dormido approachable .................... accesible aristocratic....................... aristocrático clever ............................. inteligente funny .............................. divertido kind ............................... buena persona lively .............................. vivo leather ............................ de cuero older(than) ....................... mayor (que) quiet .............................. tranquilo rude ............................... grosero, maleducado safer .............................. más seguro slim................................ delgado, esbelto successful ........................ de éxito tidy ................................ ordenado thoughtful ........................ atento, amable reliable ........................... de fiar nouns achiever .......................... triunfador adventurer ....................... aventurero balloonist......................... aeronauta borrowing ........................ toma a préstamo campiste.......................... camping/campamento celebrity.......................... famoso/a cheek ............................. mejilla exchange ......................... intercambio engineer .......................... ingeniero gadget ............................ aparato/artilugio hot-air balloon .................. globo aerostático host family ....................... familia anfitriona midnight ......................... media noche neighbourhood................... vecindario rule ................................ norma sock ............................... calcetín stuff ............................... cosas salesman.......................... vendedor linkers although .......................... aunque furthermore...................... además however .......................... sin embargo in addition ....................... además in fact............................. de hecho OTHER EXPRESSIONS as well as......................... además de all over the world ............... por todo el mundo if ................................... si (condicional) me neither ....................... yo tampoco so do I............................. yo también what’s he/she like? ............. ¿cómo es (personalmente)? what does he/she look like?... ¿cómo es(físicamente)? wherever you go ................ donde quiera que vayas with whom? ...................... ¿con quién?

29

UNIT 9: WORLD OF MUSIC MUSIC a hit ............................... un éxito a music festival ................. un festival de música a playlist ......................... una lista de reproducción a record .......................... un disco a recording studio .............. un estudio de grabación a single ........................... un disco (sencillo) an album cover.................. una carátula de un álbum form a band...................... formar un grupo go on tour ........................ ir de gira go to number one ............... subir al número uno high fidelity...................... alta fidelidad long-playing record............. elepé, disco music player ..................... reproductor de música opera house...................... teatro (de la ópera) performance ..................... representación phonograph ...................... fonógrafo play live at a concert .......... tocar en directo un concierto record a song .................... grabar una canción record player .................... tocadiscos release an album ............... sacar un álbum singer-songwriter ............... cantautor/ora song lirycs........................ letra de una canción tape ............................... cinta venue ............................. lugar de actuación/local NEGATIVE PREFIXES illegal ............................. ilegal illogical ........................... ilógico impatient ........................ impaciente imperfect ........................ imperfecto impossible........................ imposible impractical ...................... poco práctico unadventurous .................. poco atrevido unfriendly........................ antipático unhappy .......................... infeliz/descontento-a unimaginative ................... poco imaginativo unnecessary ..................... innecesario unoriginal ........................ poco original unreliable ........................ informal/poco fiable unsuppportive ................... insolidario untrustworthy ................... de poca confianza OTHER VOCABULARY adverbs almost ............................ casi at least ........................... por lo menos/al menos even............................... incluso on average ....................... de media over ............................... alrededor de still ................................ todavía worldwide........................ por todo el mundo verbs agree.............................. estar de acuerdo attend ............................ asistir be born ........................... nacer be short for ...................... ser el diminutivo de

bleed ..............................sangrar broadcast .........................transmitir/emitir carry around .....................llevar consigo come out .........................salir/lanzar(se) develop ...........................desarrollar disagree...........................estar en desacuerdo download .........................descargar/bajar have fun ..........................divertirse hold music........................guardar música make sure ........................asegurarse mean ..............................significar own ................................poseer play back .........................reproducir/poner post................................enviar share ..............................compartir store...............................guardar/almacenar raise (money) ....................recaudar dinero upload.............................subir/cargar adjectives against ............................contra both ...............................ambos large...............................grande/amplio loads of ...........................un montón portable ..........................portátil nouns broadband ........................banda ancha cartoon ...........................dibujo animado caricatura card ...............................tarjeta/cartulina charts .............................lista de éxitos cognate ...........................afín/similar computer file ....................archivo de ordenador data ...............................datos electromagnet ...................electroimán loads ..............................un montón reel-to-reel player ..............magnetófono side ................................lado survey .............................estudio, encuesta linkers although ..........................aunque because of........................debido a however ..........................sin embargo in addition........................además in the end ........................al final so far ..............................hasta ahora OTHER EXPRESSIONS decorated in (+colour) .........decorado de for the first time ................por primera vez loads better ......................mucho mejor me neither .......................a mí tampoco me too ............................a mí también unlike .............................a diferencia de without ...........................sin

30

IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 1 "FREE TIME" 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

15. 16.

Discussion Questions What is your favourite free time activity? How often do you practice your favourite free time activity? What do you usually do at the weekends? How often do you watch films? Where do you usually meet your friends? What are you wearing at the moment? Do you enjoy listening to music? Why? Why not? Do you love doing sport? Which one? What do you like doing on Saturdays? What are you keen on doing? What kind of films are you interested in watching? Are you good at learning languages? Why? Why not? What are you good/bad at? Imagine you are bored at home. Suggest your friend watching a film and buying a pizza. Act out a conversation. Describe yourself / your best friend’s personality. Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer? Describe it.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

15. 16.

Model Answers I fancy (+ing) / I really like… / I’m good at… and I also like… I practice X once/twice a week / at weekends. Let’s see… At weekends I usually… I watch films once/twice a week/month… at the cinema and at home… I usually meet my friends at the cinema, at school… I’m wearing a blue T-shirt, a pair of jeans… Sure! I love it because it is relaxing/funny… I don’t like it very much, but if I have to choose one… / I love sport! My favourite one is … On Saturdays I enjoy (+ing) Let me think… I’m keen on (+ing) I’m interested in watching romantic / horror films because they are shocking / amazing… I’m afraid I’m not good at … because… / Sure! I’m very good at … because… I’m good/bad at… Do you fancy (+ing)? Let’s get some… Do you want to invite? Good idea/OK/Yeah, cool/No, that’s boring/No, let’s…instead. I think I am… / My friend is not only … but also… I prefer number X because... In the photo we can see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…

Useful vocabulary Free-time activities: do voluntary work, relax, make models, play an instrument, learn a language, chat online, go to the cinema, play tennis, go to the gym, play computer games, go to a disco, go out for a meal, go to a youth group, draw cartoons Adverbs of frequency: always, usually, often, frequently, rarely, hardly ever, never Time expressions: once/twice/three times a week/month Suggestions: do you fancy (+ing)? Let’s get some… Do you want to invite? Good idea/OK/Yeah, cool/No, that’s boring/No, let’s…instead. Clothes and accessories

Useful adjectives To describe people: cool/boring; cautious/adventurous; talkative/quiet; friendly/unsociable; generous/selfish; energetic/lazy; serious/funny; shy/confident; honest/dishonest…

Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... / In fact… As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that… Gaining time to think It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s the word for it? / It’s difficult to say… Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views The good/bad thing(s) is/are… One advantage/disadvantage is… On the other hand… Alternatives to Yes/No No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No way / It’s not my thing

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... Sorry, I don't know...

To describe films: shocking, boring, interesting, engaging, romantic, cute, (un)believable… To describe clothes: baggy, casual, cool, dressy, formal, smart, sporty, tight, loose

31

IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 2 "TECHNOLOGY" 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

Discussion Questions How many hours do you use a computer every day? How many hours do you watch TV every day? Which modern invention could you not live without? Explain your choice. Which is your favourite IT activity? Why? What IT activities do you do with your computer? What did you do last weekend? What were you doing at 8pm last night? Which jobs do you think are easy / hard / dangerous / fun? What’s your father’s job? What time does he start work? What does your mother do? What time does she finish work? What would you like to be? Why? Would you prefer a job that pays well or a job you enjoy? Explain. Do you prefer working indoors or outdoors? Why? What three things are most important for you in a job? Imagine you want to buy a new mobile phone. Act out a conversation. Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer? Why? Describe it.

1.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

16.

Model Answers Well… Let’s see… I spend about X minutes downloading music files and then… So, I think I spend … all in all. Mm… Let’s see… I watch TV for X or X hours on weekdays. At weekends, I watch it for over… No doubt I could not live without my… because… My favourite IT activity is … +ing. I find it really interesting because… That’s an interesting question because I do lots of activities with my computer. For example… Last weekend I… At 8pm last night I was …+ing. Well… it’s a difficult question… but in my opinion being a … is a … job because… My father is a… He starts work at… My mother is a… She finishes work at… I would like to be a… because… I think I prefer picture number X because... That’s an interesting question. I think I prefer working indoors because… If you ask me I’ll tell yoy the three most important things for me in a job are … Can I help you? This one’s on special offer. Here you are. That’s €50 then, please. I’m looking for… Can I see another one? How much is it? I’ll take that one. I prefer number X because.... In the photo we can see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…

Useful vocabulary IT activities: take a digital photo, play a video game, make a phone call, scan a photo, send an e-mail, store data, print a document, charge a mobile phone, post a comment, download/upload a video clip… Jobs: builder, researcher, lawyer, electrician, politician, technician, journalist, scientist, artist, actor, doctor, housewife, fireman, postman, policeman/woman…

Useful adjectives To talk about IT activities: useful/useless, entertaining, funny, enjoyable, available, second-hand…

Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... / In fact… As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that… Gaining time to think It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s the word for it? / It’s difficult to say… Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views The good/bad thing(s) is/are… One advantage/disadvantage is… On the other hand… Alternatives to Yes/No No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No way / It’s not my thing

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... Sorry, I don't know...

To talk about jobs: boring/interesting, safe/dangerous, well-paid/badly paid, absorbing, motivating, stressful, monotonous, rewarding, exciting…

32

IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 3 "STRANGE BUT TRUE!" Discussion Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

13.

Have you got any superstitions? Do you know any strange stories? What were you doing at 5pm yesterday? What were your friends doing when you saw them this morning? What were your friends doing when the English teacher arrived today? What were you thinking about when the class started? What was your mother doing when you woke up this morning? What were you watching on TV last night? What do you usually do on your birthday? How often do you go to the countryside? What were you thinking about now? Tell an anecdote to a friend. Where were you? Who were you with? What happened? What was the best / funniest part? Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer? Why? Describe it.

Model Answers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

Yes, I have / No, I haven’t. For example, If I see… Yes, I do / No, I don’t. One day... At 5pm yesterday I was +ing When I saw my friends this morning there +ing When the English teacher arrived today I was + ing When the class started I was + ing When I woke up this morning my mother was +ing Last night I was watching a football match / a documentary / a film / a talk show… On my birthday I usually have a party / go to the cinema with my friends… and … I go to the countryside once / twice a day, very often / at weekends… I was thinking about… Let me tell you about the… / actually, it was… / it was so… / for one thing… / in fact… / thanks to… I prefer number X because... In the photo we can see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…

Useful vocabulary Prepositions: up/down, out of/into, under/over, away from/towards, across, over, along, round, through… -ed/-ing adjectives: frightened/frightening, bored/boring, tired/tiring, excited/exciting, worried/worrying, surprised/surprising, interested/interesting, annoyed/annoying… Linkers: suddenly, meanwhile, then

More useful vocabulary To tell anecdotes: For one thing…, As I discovered last year…, As you can imagine…, In fact,…, Like the time…, Thanks to… Nouns: parachute, skydiving, crocodile Verbs: bite, crash, dive, push, break

Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... / In fact… As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that… Gaining time to think It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s the word for it? / It’s difficult to say… Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views The good/bad thing(s) is/are… One advantage/disadvantage is… On the other hand… Alternatives to Yes/No No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No way / It’s not my thing

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... Sorry, I don't know...

33

IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 4 "SPECIAL PLACES" Discussion Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

Which of the World Heritage sites would you like to visit? Why? What’s Antequera like? What is there to do there? What is Antequera famous for? Compare two buildings in your town. When you travel, what places do you prefer to visit? Would you like to visit London? Why / why not? What are the most popular attractions in your country? City trip or beach holiday? Which do you prefer? Which is your favourite building? Describe it. Talk about something you do quickly / carefully /slowly. Talk about things you do well / badly. Imagine you are a day out with your friends. Act out a conversation. Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer? Why? Describe it.

Model Answers 1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

13. Useful vocabulary Places to visit: a ruin, a cathedral, a coastline, a pyramid, a temple, an opera house, a lighthouse, a reef, a rainforest, a tomb, a cave, a castle

It’s difficult to say… I think I would like to visit … because it is… Antequera is beautiful / awesome / … and there are many things to do there. You can… Antequera is famous for El Torcal, a cold cream called “porra”, a special bread called “mollete” and its more than twenty churches. I’m going to compare … and … The X is bigger / more beautiful… than X. However, X is … than X. Let’s see… when I travel I prefer to visit castles and… I find them very interesting / amazing… Sure! / Not at all… because… I find it boring / crowded / interesting / amazing… The most popular attractions in my country are… No doubt I prefer … because … I always do … carefully. Moreover… My favourite building is … It is in… It was built in… Let’s see. I often do X and X well. However, I X badly. What’s X like? What is there to do there? What happened? What was the weather like? Was it fun? It’s really… Well, you can… It was… We had a good/bad time. I prefer number X because... In the photo we can see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…

Useful adjectives amazing, cheap, crowded, entire, expensive, everlasting flavoured, grilled, iconic, inexpensive, luxurious, manmade, pale, safe, sandy, tiny, twisted, wet

Adverbs: quietly/noisily, quickly/slowly, fast, badly/well, happily/sadly, angrily, hard/easily, carefully Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... / In fact… As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that… Gaining time to think It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s the word for it? / It’s difficult to say… Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views The good/bad thing(s) is/are… One advantage/disadvantage is… On the other hand… Alternatives to Yes/No No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No way / It’s not my thing

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... Sorry, I don't know...

34

IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 5 "HEROES" 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Discussion Questions Have you ever collected money for charity? Have you ever given money to charity? If you had to organise a fundraising event, which one would it be? Explain. Do you know any charities? Which one would you choose? Why? Have you ever learnt to play a musical instrument? If so, which one? What makes you happy? Which people make you laugh? What’s the biggest mistake you have ever made? How often do you do exercise? What’s the most difficult decision you have ever made? Where do you usually do your homework? What’s the best way to make a lot of money? Imagine you want to organize a sponsored walk: talk about it with a friend. Act out a conversation. Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer? Why? Describe it.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

14. Useful vocabulary Fundraising ideas: sell sweets, wash cars, have a barbecue, make a charity CD, do a sponsored swim, collect money, sell badges, sell raffle tickets, organize a jumble sale, have a bring and buy sale

Model Answers Yes, I have/No, I haven’t because/although I find it useful and interesting. Yes, I have/No, I haven’t… I would wash cars / have a barbecue / make a charity CD… because I think it is a … idea… Yes, I do / No, I don’t. I would choose ... because… Yes, I have / No, I haven’t. I have learnt to play the… That’s a(n) easy/difficult question… There are many things that make me happy, for example… That’s a(n) easy/difficult question… There are many things that make me laugh, for example… Mmm let’s see. The biggest mistake I have ever made is when I… / +ìng I exercise once / twice a week… at weekends… Let me think… The most difficult decision I have ever made is when I … / +ing I usually do my homework in… but I sometimes… It’s difficult to say, but perhaps the best way to make a lot of money is… Would you like to sponsor me? I’m raising money for a charity. Could you help me, please? I’ll give you 1€ a mile. No, I’m sorry, I haven’t got any money. etc I prefer number X because... In the photo we can see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of… Useful adjectives

awful, cool, dirty, second-hand, sick, sponsored wealthy, whole, wooden, interesting, useful

Make and do: do charity work, do exercise, do homework, do nothing, do someone a favour, do your best, make a decision, make a mistake, make friends make money, make someone laugh Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... / In fact… As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that… Gaining time to think It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s the word for it? / It’s difficult to say… Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views The good/bad thing(s) is/are… One advantage/disadvantage is… On the other hand… Alternatives to Yes/No No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No way / It’s not my thing

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... Sorry, I don't know...

35

IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 6 "INCREDIBLE JOURNEYS" Discussion Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

13.

Do you like travelling? Why? Why not? Does your father / mother / sister / brother like travelling? Why? Why not? Have you ever been abroad? Where did you go? How many countries / cities have you visited? Talk about them. Where do you usually go on holiday? What do you like about it? How do you usually travel? (e.g. by plane, car, bus) Which do you prefer? Why? Do you prefer the beach or the mountains? Why? Where do you usually stay when you’re on holiday? (e.g. hotel, resort, camping, family) Which three cities do you like most? Which country would you like to visit? Why? Which country would you NOT like to visit? Why? Imagine you are at the train station to pick up a friend: ask her / him about the journey. Act out a conversation. Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer? Why?

Useful vocabulary

Model Answers 1.

2. 3. 4.

5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

13.

Yes, I do. I really like it. I think it is amazing/funny/interesting/relaxing…! No, I don’t. I don’t like it at all. I think it is boring/tiring/stressful. Yes, s/he does. She… / No, she doesn’t. S/he… Yes, I have. I have been to… I went to… I have visited lots of cities/countries. / I haven’t visited any cities/countries. In my opinion X is the best/worst country/city I’ve visited. I usually go to… What I like about it is… I usually travel by… However, I prefer… No doubt I prefer… because it is… I usually stay in/with… Well… Let me think… The three cities I like most are… I would like to visit X because… I would not like to visit X because… How was the journey? Did you have a good seat? Did you change trains at…? Did you have anything to eat? Etc I prefer number X because... In the photo we can see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…

Useful adjectives

Extreme adjectives: terrifying, amazing, enormous, exhausted, delighted, tiny, awful, freezing, boiling. Travel: send postcards, meet people, get on a train, have adventures, plan a journey, get off a coach, set off, come back home, arrive, buy a guidebooks, buy souvenirs, pack a suitcase, shuttle bus, arrive at, leave X, It was a nightmare, what a journey! It was a disaster!

To describe places: amazing, funny, interesting, relaxing, boring, tiring, stressful, beautiful, crowded, deserted, dry, hot, fresh, colourful, incredible, modern, pleasant, quiet, romantic…

Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... / In fact… As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that… Gaining time to think It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s the word for it? / It’s difficult to say… Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views The good/bad thing(s) is/are… One advantage/disadvantage is… On the other hand… Alternatives to Yes/No No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No way / It’s not my thing

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... Sorry, I don't know...

To describe means of transport: fast, slow, cheap, expensive, (un) comfortable, luxurious, (un)reliable, (un)punctual, ecological, safe, dirty, clean, dangerous…

36

IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 7 "ON SCREEN" Discussion Questions 1.

How often do you go to the cinema? Who do you go with? 2. What kind of films do you like? Why? 3. Who’s your favourite actor or actress? Why do you like them? 4. What’s the name of the last film you saw? What was it about? 5. Do you like romantic/horror films? Why? Why not? 6. What’s the best / worst film you have ever seen? Explain why. 7. Do you prefer to watch movies at home or in the cinema? Why? 8. When you watch an English film, do you prefer it dubbed or subtitled? Why? 9. What kind of snacks or drinks do you have when you go to the cinema? 10. Do you watch films in English or your language? Which do you prefer? 11. Imagine you go to the cinema with some friends Act out a conversation. 12. Look at the pictures: which film do you prefer? Why? Describe it.

Model Answers 1. 2.

I usually/never/sometimes go… I usually prefer romantic/horror films but sometimes I also like watching… 3. My favourite actor/actress is… because… 4. Let me think… The last film I saw was… It’s set in… It tells the story of… 5. Not at all/Sure/No doubt… because I think they are… 6. The best/worst film I have ever seen is … In my opinion it is… 7. I usually prefer … but… 8. I always/often/usually prefer it X because it’s more interesting/motivating/difficult/boring… 9. Well… I usually eat pop corn/gums/hot dogs… and for a drink I usually prefer a fizzy drink/water… 10. I watch films in… I prefer… 11. What did you think of…? Did you like…? What about you? I thought the actors were brilliant. The special effects were very good. Etc 12. I prefer number X because... In the photo we can see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…

Useful vocabulary

Useful adjectives Story/ plot: motivating, captivating, intriguing, Adverbs of frequency: always, usually, often, engaging, boring, funny, hilarious, (un)predictable, frequently, rarely, hardly ever, never original, (un)realistic Time expressions: once/twice/three times a week/month Characters: funny, nice, mean, happy, miserable, Film: director, stuntman/woman, stunt, film star, script, cute… soundtrack, special effects, producer, plot, star in a film, Actors: talented, (un)convincing, versatile… win an award, release a film, film a scene, screen, it’s set Director: talented, famous, skilful… in, it tells the story of… Dialogues: smart, boring, confusing, witty… Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... / In fact… As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that… Gaining time to think It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s the word for it? / It’s difficult to say… Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views The good/bad thing(s) is/are… One advantage/disadvantage is… On the other hand… Alternatives to Yes/No No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No way / It’s not my thing

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... Sorry, I don't know...

37

IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 8 "GOOD FRIENDS" Discussion Questions What is your father/mother/brother/sister/friend like? What does your father/mother/brother/sister/friend look like? What does your father/mother/brother/sister/friend like doing? What cultural rules from other countries do you know? Do visitors have to bring presents in your country? What would you do if your best friend told you a lie? What would you say if your best friend was late to meet you? Would you tell the truth if you didn’t like a friend’s boyfriend? When did you last have an argument with a friend? Explain. Is it ever OK to tell a lie? How much time do you spend with your parents at weekends? Imagine your friends went to a party last weekend and met someone. Ask them to describe that person Act out a conversation. Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer? Why? Describe it.

Model Answers 1. Well, let me think… S/he’s really friendly, funny, adventurous, cautious, unsociable, energetic, lazy, shy… 2. Let me think…S/he’s very pretty. She’s tall, short, medium-height, slim, skinny, fat, dark, blonde… 3. I think s/he likes playing tennis, watching films, chatting online, drawing cartoons, going to a disco… 4. That’s an interesting question. Let me think… In France for example… and in England. In… 5. No, they don’t. However, presents are always welcome. In France, however, … 6. Well, if my best friend told me a lie, I would… 7. If my friend was late to meet me, I think I would… 8. That’s a difficult question. But if I didn’t like a friend’s boyfriend, I think I would… 9. Let me think… I don’t usually have arguments… but I think the last argument I had with a friend was… 10. If you ask me, I must tell you I think… 11. At weekends I (don’t) usually spend much time with my parents. For example, on Saturday mornings we… 12. So, what was the party like? What’s s/he like? Where’s s/he from? What does s/he look like? What does s/he like doing? 13. I prefer number X because... In the photo we can see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…

Useful vocabulary Making friends: bring a present, be late, click your fingers, interrupt a conversation, jump a queue, tell jokes, arrive early, take off your shoes, shake hands, kiss a stranger, be polite/rude, point at someone Describing people: what’s she like? (personality) what does she look like? (appearance) what does she like doing? (preferences) Personality and character adjectives Free-time activities Adjectives describing appearance

Useful adjectives and phrases To describe personality: What’s s/he like? S/he’s really friendly, funny, adventurous, cautious, unsociable, energetic, lazy, shy, confident, talkative, quiet, generous, selfish, serious, honest, dishonest... To describe appearance: What does s/he look like? S/he’s very pretty. She’s tall, short, medium-height, slim, skinny, fat, dark, blonde, red-haired… To describe preferences: What does s/he like doing? S/he likes playing tennis, watching films, chatting online, drawing cartoons, going to a disco…

Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... / In fact… As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that… Gaining time to think It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s the word for it? / It’s difficult to say… Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views The good/bad thing(s) is/are… One advantage/disadvantage is… On the other hand… Alternatives to Yes/No No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No way / It’s not my thing

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... Sorry, I don't know...

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

13.

38

IES Pedro Espinosa English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 9 “WORLD OF MUSIC" 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

14.

Discussion Questions How do you usually listen to music? Are computers used at your school? Are dictionaries allowed in your English class? How often are festivals celebrated in your region? What’s your favourite album? When was it released? Why do you like it? What kind of music do you like? Why? What is the best recent music video? Have you ever been to a concert or live show? Talk about it. Have you ever downloaded music from the Internet? Why? Do you prefer music in English or in your own language? Why? Do you have an MP3-player? How often do you use it? Who is your favourite singer or music group? Why? Imagine you are going to a concert. Talk about the band or singer you are going to listen to. Act out a conversation. Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer? Why? Describe it.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

13. 14.

Model Answers I usually listen to music on my mp3 player. But I also like listening to music on my computer and… Of course they are. We use them not only in the English class but also in … Certainly! We use them very often. They are useful for… Let me think… There are lots of… Well… My favourite album is… I’m not very sure, but I think it was released in… I really like it because… I must say I love… music because I find it … The best recent music video for me is… Sure / No, never… No doubt / Not at all I have done it because… Well… it’s difficult to say… I reckon I prefer… Sure! I have one since… I use it… That’s a difficult question because / since I like lots of them but if I must choose one, I’d say I like… because… I think so / Me too / Me neither / I totally agree / I’m not sure / I see what you mean I prefer number X because... In the photo we can see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…

Useful vocabulary Music: single, record, playlist, hit, recording studio, album cover, song lyrics, music festival, play live at a concert, go to number one, record a song, release an album, form a band, go on tour Types of music: rock music, metal music, jazz, blues, pop music, rock music, rock music, reggae, rap, classical music… Frequency adverbs: from time to time, every now and then, (not) often, usually, sometimes, rarely, never, once/twice/three times a (day/week/month)

Useful adjectives and phrases Describing an event: exciting, colourful, noisy, delicious, funny, boring…

Other expressions Helping you to explain ideas: What is more, ... Actually, ... / In fact… As a matter of fact, ... Opinion I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that… Gaining time to think It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s the word for it? / It’s difficult to say… Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views The good/bad thing(s) is/are… One advantage/disadvantage is… On the other hand… Alternatives to Yes/No No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No way / It’s not my thing

Essential classroom language I'm sorry, I don't understand. Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean. Can you repeat please? Can you speak more slowly, please? Can you spell that word for me, please? Let me think... That's a difficult question... I'm not sure about this question... Sorry, I don't know...

Describing music: trendy, melodious, rhythmic, loud, tuneless, instrumental, calm, lively… Describing singers and bands: good/bad player, good/bad singer, beautiful/good-looking, original, smart, intelligent, masterful…

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

Loading...

This workbook belongs to - IES Pedro Espinosa

8:30-9:30 9:30-10:30 10:30:11:30 Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday 11:30-12:00 12:00-13:00 13:00-14:00 14:00-15:00 This workbook belongs...

4MB Sizes 54 Downloads 35 Views

Recommend Documents

This workbook belongs to - IES Pedro Espinosa
Se realizarán 2 exámenes trimestrales, para los que se establecerá hora y día, y todos los controles de vocabulario,

This workbook belongs to - IES Pedro Espinosa
*pdf: http://bit.ly/1XLqoLU (iespedroespinosa.es » departamentos » inglés » cuadernillos). → Diccionario ... Prepa

This book belongs to - GlobalGiving
acclaimed Filipino artists today. Ian Findlay Brown, Editor of Asian Art. News describes that “the rawness of Garibay'

This book belongs to - GlobalGiving
We packed a simple lunch of rice, grilled milkfish, red salted eggs, and tomatoes which we shared under the shade of the

This book belongs to - Port of Vancouver
other parts of Canada, happens on the lower Fraser River. You can see tugboats pulling containers, boom boats pushing lo

Tipos de Mercados - IES Pedro de Tolosa
Asimismo, la competencia entre los vendedores llevará a que ninguno de ellos pueda vender a un precio más alto del que

Salvation Belongs to our God
Salvation Belongs To Our God. Words and Music by Adrian Howard and Pat Turner. Intro: (first two lines). G. D/F#. Em. Sa

diazepam belongs to which group
Dosis diazepam syrup high, dosis diazepam oral untuk anak, does diazepam 5 mg make you sleepy. Street value of diazepam

expressions TO + - IES Don Bosco
Infinitive and Gerund after verbs/expressions. TO + INFINITIVO: Detrás de los siguientes verbos: - afford: - plan. - ch

or other
Copies can be accessed and downloaded for non-commercial or learning purposes without any ... Berdasarkan daripada Model